Geertje H. A. Westerlaken

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In order to detect epitope-specific CD4+ T cells in mycobacterial or viral infections in the context of human class II major histocompatibility complex protein human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR3, two HLA-DR3 tetrameric molecules were successfully produced. One contained an immunodominant HLA-DR3-restricted T-cell epitope derived from the 65-kDa heat-shock(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1-infected children have an increased risk of severe chickenpox. However, vaccination is not recommended in severely immunocompromised children. OBJECTIVE Can the live-attenuated varicella zoster virus (VZV) Oka strain be safely and effectively given to HIV-1-infected children despite previously low CD4 T-cell counts? METHODS VZV vaccine(More)
To identify factors related to progression to CMV end-organ disease, cytokine production, proliferative capacity and phenotype of CMV-specific CD4(+) T-cells were analysed longitudinally. Numbers of IFNgamma(+)CD4(+) and IFNgamma(+)IL-2(+)CD4(+) T-cells tended to decrease in individuals progressing to AIDS with CMV end-organ disease (AIDS-CMV), whereas they(More)
BACKGROUND Since cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause serious clinical complications in immunocompromised individuals, we assessed cellular immune requirements for protection against CMV end-organ disease (CMV-EOD) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. METHODS Longitudinal samples from HIV-1-infected patients in the Amsterdam(More)
LAIR-1 (Leukocyte Associated Ig-like Receptor -1) is a collagen receptor that functions as an inhibitory receptor on immune cells. It has a soluble family member, LAIR-2, that also binds collagen and can interfere with LAIR-1/collagen interactions. Collagen is a main initiator for platelet adhesion and aggregation. Here, we explored the potential of soluble(More)
Neonates are born with quantitative and qualitative defects in both adaptive and innate immune responses. The immune system is regulated by several mechanisms, including the signalling of inhibitory receptors. Increased expression of inhibitory receptors may result in a higher threshold for activation and suppressed function of neonatal cells. The aim of(More)
Myeloid cells play a crucial role in controlling infection. Activation of these cells needs to be tightly regulated, because their potent effector functions can damage host tissue. Inhibitory receptors expressed by immune cells play an important role in restricting immune cell activation. In this study, we have characterized a hitherto unidentified(More)
ROS production is an important effector mechanism mediating intracellular killing of microbes by phagocytes. Inappropriate or untimely ROS production can lead to tissue damage, thus tight regulation is essential. We recently characterized signal inhibitory receptor on leukocytes-1 (SIRL-1) as an inhibitory receptor expressed by human phagocytes. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND The collagen receptor glycoprotein VI generates activating signals through an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activating motif on the co-associated Fc receptor gamma chain. Leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor-1 also ligates collagen but generates inhibitory signals through immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. Thus far, the(More)
Since CMV-specific T-cells have been shown to generally express an advanced state of differentiation, we investigated whether these mature CMV-specific T-cells are sustained in HIV-infected patients, who are not treated with HAART, receive no CMV medication, but do progress to AIDS with CMV end-organ disease (AIDS-CMV). CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell phenotype was(More)