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A mouse model was generated to investigate loss of heterozygosity (LOH) events in somatic cells. The adenine phosphoribosyltransferase ( Aprt ) gene was disrupted in embryonic stem cells using a conventional gene targeting approach and subsequently Aprt hetero-zygous and homozygous mice were derived. Aprt homozygous deficient animals were viable though the(More)
BACKGROUND The structure-specific ERCC1/XPF endonuclease complex that contains the ERCC1 and XPF subunits is implicated in the repair of two distinct types of lesions in DNA: nucleotide excision repair (NER) for ultraviolet-induced lesions and bulky chemical adducts; and recombination repair of the very genotoxic interstrand cross-links. RESULTS Here, we(More)
One of the factors postulated to drive the aging process is the accumulation of DNA damage. Here, we provide strong support for this hypothesis by describing studies of mice with a mutation in XPD, a gene encoding a DNA helicase that functions in both repair and transcription and that is mutated in the human disorder trichothiodystrophy (TTD). TTD mice were(More)
The human gene ERCC-3 specifically corrects the defect in an early step of the DNA excision repair pathway of UV-sensitive rodent mutants of complementation group 3. The predicted 782 amino acid ERCC-3 protein harbors putative nucleotide, chromatin, and helix-turn-helix DNA binding domains and seven consecutive motifs conserved between two superfamilies of(More)
The xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) group D (XPD) gene encodes a DNA helicase that is a subunit of the transcription factor IIH complex, involved both in nucleotide excision repair of UV-induced DNA damage and in basal transcription initiation. Point mutations in the XPD gene lead either to the cancer-prone repair syndrome XP, sometimes in combination with a(More)
A mouse model for the nucleotide excision repair disorder Cockayne syndrome (CS) was generated by mimicking a truncation in the CSB(ERCC6) gene of a CS-B patient. CSB-deficient mice exhibit all of the CS repair characteristics: ultraviolet (UV) sensitivity, inactivation of transcription-coupled repair, unaffected global genome repair, and inability to(More)
Mutations in the basal transcription initiation/DNA repair factor TFIIH are responsible for three human disorders: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), cockayne syndrome (CS) and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The non-repair features of CS and TTD are thought to be due to a partial inactivation of the transcription function of the complex. To search for proteins whose(More)
To investigate the possible involvement of DNA repair in the process of somatic hypermutation of rearranged immunoglobulin variable (V) region genes, we have analyzed the occurrence, frequency, distribution, and pattern of mutations in rearranged Vlambda1 light chain genes from naive and memory B cells in DNA repair-deficient mutant mouse strains.(More)
We have generated mice deficient in O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase activity encoded by the murine Mgmt gene using homologous recombination to delete the region encoding the Mgmt active site cysteine. Tissues from Mgmt null mice displayed very low O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase activity, suggesting that Mgmt constitutes the major, if not the(More)
BTF2/TFIIH from human, delta from rat, and factor b from yeast are multisubunit basal transcription factors that have been shown to be closely associated with a protein kinase capable of phosphorylating the carboxyl-terminal domain of the large subunit of RNA polymerase II (Lu, H., Zawel, L., Fischer, L., Egly, J. M., and Reinberg, D. (1992) Nature 358,(More)