Geert W. Schmid-Schoenbein

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A careful review of several different organs shows that with the information available today the beginnings of the microlymphatics in the tissue consist of endothelialized tubes only. Lymphatic smooth muscle within the collecting lymphatics appears further downstream, in some organs only outside the parenchyma. This particular anatomic picture has been(More)
From the Departments of Surgery ( J.J.B.) and Bioengineering (G.W.S.-S.), Whitaker Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla; the Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Middlesex Hospital, London (P.D.C.S.); the Department of Surgery, Imperial College London, University of(More)
BACKGROUND Oxygen free radicals may play roles in hypertension both in arteriolar constriction and in formation of lesions. OBJECTIVE To quantify free radical production in blood plasma of genetic hypertensives. DESIGN Hydrogen peroxide levels were measured, because it is one of the most stable reactive oxygen species. METHODS An electrode technique(More)
The following analysis presents an experimental and theoretical study of the passive viscoelastic behavior of human leukocytes. Individual neutrophils in EDTA were observed both during their partial aspiration into a small micropipette and after expulsion from a large micropipette where the cell had been totally aspirated and deformed into a sausage shape.(More)
Micropipette experiments are used to determine the rheological properties of human leukocytes. Individual cells in EDTA are subjected to a known aspiration pressure via a micropipette, and their surface deformation from the undeformed spherical shape is recorded on a television monitor. The cells are mathematically modeled as homogeneous spheres, and a(More)
We have recently characterized a cardiac model of ventricular chamber defects in retinoid X receptor alpha (RXR alpha) homozygous mutant (-/-) gene-targeted mice. These mice display generalized edema, ventricular chamber hypoplasia, and muscular septal defects, and they die at embryonic day 15. To substantiate our hypothesis that the embryos are dying of(More)
After several hours of ischemia an incomplete return of blood flow has been reported in brain, kidney, skeletal muscle, and heart. The mechanisms responsible for the no-reflow phenomenon have been unclear, and perivascular edema, platelet or red cell plugs, and interstitial hemorrhage have been implicated. In the present study evidence is provided that(More)
Recent evidence in vivo indicates that spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) exhibit an increase in oxyradical production in and around microvascular endothelium. This study is aimed to examine whether xanthine oxidase plays a role in overproduction of oxidants and thereby may contribute to hypertensive states as a consequence of the increasing(More)
Leukocyte migration from a hemopoietic pool across marrow endothelium requires active pseudopod formation and adhesion. Leukocytes rarely show pseudopod formation while in circulation. At question then is the mechanism that serves to minimize leukocyte pseudopod formation in the circulation. We tested the hypothesis that fluid shear stress acts to prevent(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion of the intestine produces a set of inflammatory mediators, the origin of which has recently been shown to involve pancreatic digestive enzymes. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) participates in a variety of inflammatory processes including myocardial, hepatic, and pancreatic ischemia-reperfusion. In the present study, we explore the(More)