Geert Van Gassen

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Nicastrin and presenilin are two major components of the gamma-secretase complex, which executes the intramembrane proteolysis of type I integral membrane proteins such as the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and Notch. Nicastrin is synthesized in fibroblasts and neurons as an endoglycosidase-H-sensitive glycosylated precursor protein (immature nicastrin)(More)
Genetic linkage studies have indicated that chromosome 14q24.3 harbours a major locus for early-onset (onset age <65 years) Alzheimer's disease (AD3). Positional cloning efforts have identified a novel gene S182 or presenilin 1 as the AD3 gene. We have mapped S182 in the AD3 candidate region between D14S277 and D14S284 defined by genetic linkage studies in(More)
The regulated intramembrane proteolysis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) that results in the generation of a toxic 40 to 42 amino acid fragment, Abeta, and a C-terminal intracellular fragment stands central in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The fibrillar Abeta peptide is extracellularly deposited in plaques in the amygdala, the hippocampus,(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to document the outcome dimensions that physicians see as important in defining cure from depression. The study also aimed to analyse physicians' attitudes about depression and to find out whether they affect their prescribing practices and/or the outcome dimensions that they view as important in defining cure. METHODS A(More)
Linkage analysis studies have indicated that the chromosome band 14q24.3 harbours a major gene for familial early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently we localized the chromosome 14 AD gene (AD3) in the 6.4 cM interval between the markers D14S289 and D14S61. We mapped the gene encoding dihydrolipoyl succinyltransferase (DLST), the E2k component of human(More)
Proteolytic processing and degradation tightly regulate the amount of stable, functional presenilin 1 (PSEN1) in the cell. The approximately 46-kDa PSEN1 holoprotein is cleaved into a approximately 30-kDa N-terminal fragment (NTF) and a approximately 20-kDa C-terminal fragment (CTF) by an unknown protease. The fragments are stabilized in a high molecular(More)
Mutations in the presenilin (PS) genes PSI and PS2 are involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, apoptosis-associated cleavage of PS proteins was identified. Here we demonstrate that PS1 as well as PS2 are substrates for different members of the caspase protein family. Remarkably, the caspases acting on PS1 could be subdivided in two groups. One(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the presenilin (PSEN) genes are responsible for the majority of early-onset Alzheimer disease (AD) cases. PSEN1 is a component of a high molecular weight, endoplasmic reticulum, membrane-bound protein complex, including beta-catenin. Pathogenic PSEN1 mutations were demonstrated to have an effect on beta-catenin and glycogen synthase(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), by far the most common form of dementia in the elderly, is clinically characterized by gradual, progressive loss in cognitive functioning and changes in personality, ultimately leading to death. It is now well established that genetic factors play an important role in AD. So far, three genes have been identified in which mutations(More)
Protein-protein interactions are a molecular basis for the structural and functional organization within cells. They are mediated by a growing number of protein modules that bind peptide targets. Alterations in binding affinities can have serious consequences for some essential cellular processes. The three proteins identified to have mutations in their(More)
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