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Whenever inference for variance components is required, the choice between one-sided and two-sided tests is crucial. This choice is usually driven by whether or not negative variance components are permitted. For two-sided tests, classical inferential procedures can be followed, based on likelihood ratios, score statistics, or Wald statistics. For one-sided(More)
In the analyses of incomplete longitudinal clinical trial data, there has been a shift, away from simple methods that are valid only if the data are missing completely at random, to more principled ignorable analyses, which are valid under the less restrictive missing at random assumption. The availability of the necessary standard statistical software(More)
The vocal quality of a patient is modeled by means of a Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI), which is designed to establish an objective and quantitative correlate of the perceived vocal quality. The DSI is based on the weighted combination of the following selected set of voice measurements: highest frequency (F(0)-High in Hz), lowest intensity (I-Low in dB),(More)
This paper reviews the literature on instrumentation settings used for transtympanic (TT-ECOG) an extratympanic electrocochleography (ET-ECOG). There is wide variation regard to the applied stimulus, the settings and interpretation of ECOG results. For most physicians, the presence of endolymphatic hydrops is indicated either by the summating/action(More)
Cardiovascular (CV) parameters and their measurements are subject to variation. In this study, we evaluated the reproducibility of impedance cardiography (ICG) measurements following orthostatic and diurnal challenges for a set of 22 CV parameters in ten randomly selected healthy nonpregnant women. A standard protocol was used to record a consecutive series(More)
Several pharmacological studies involve experiments aimed at testing for a difference between experimental groups wherein the data are longitudinal in nature, frequently with long sequences per subject. Oftentimes, treatment effect, if present, is not constant over time. In such situations, imposing a parametric mean structure can be too complicated and/or(More)
Treatment effects are often evaluated by comparing change over time in outcome measures; however, valid analyses of longitudinal data can be problematic, particularly if some data are missing. For decades, the last observation carried forward (LOCF) approach has been a common method of handling missing data. Considerable advances in statistical methodology(More)
Repeated measures are exploited to study reliability in the context of psychiatric health sciences. It is shown how test-retest reliability can be derived using linear mixed models when the scale is continuous or quasi-continuous. The advantage of this approach is that the full modeling power of mixed models can be used. Repeated measures with a different(More)