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A new classification approach was developed to improve the noninvasive diagnosis of brain tumors. Within this approach, information is extracted from magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy data, from which the relative location and distribution of selected tumor classes in feature space can be calculated. This relative location and distribution is used(More)
The metabolic behavior of complex brain tumors, like Gliomas and Meningiomas, with respect to their type and grade was investigated in this paper. Towards this direction the smallest set of the most representative metabolic markers for each brain tumor type was identified, using ratios of peak areas of well established metabolites, from (1)H-MRSI (Proton(More)
In this study, the feasibility of high resolution magic angle spinning (HR MAS) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of small tissue biopsies to distinguish between tumor and non-involved adjacent tissue was investigated. With the current methods, delineation of the tumor borders during breast cancer surgery is a challenging task for the surgeon, and a(More)
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC), characterized by absence of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and lack of overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), are typically associated with poor prognosis, due to aggressive tumor phenotype(s), only partial response to chemotherapy and present lack of clinically(More)
JUSTIFICATION Automatic brain tumor classification by MRS has been under development for more than a decade. Nonetheless, to our knowledge, there are no published evaluations of predictive models with unseen cases that are subsequently acquired in different centers. The multicenter eTUMOUR project (2004-2009), which builds upon previous expertise from the(More)
Support vector machines (SVMs) have become a popular technique in the chemometrics and bioinformatics field, and other fields, for the classification of complex data sets. Especially because SVMs are able to model nonlinear relationships, the usage of this technique has increased substantially. This modeling is obtained by mapping the data in a(More)
The proposed analysis considers aspects of both statistical and biological validation of the glycolysis effect on brain gliomas, at both genomic and metabolic levels. In particular, two independent datasets are analyzed in parallel: one engaging genomic (microarray expression) data and the other metabolomic (magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging) data.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Solitary MET and GBM are difficult to distinguish by using MR imaging. Differentiation is useful before any metastatic work-up or biopsy. Our hypothesis was that MET and GBM tumors differ in morphology. Shape analysis was proposed as an indicator for discriminating these 2 types of brain pathologies. The purpose of this study was to(More)