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Direct cell injury in cryosurgery is highly related to intracellular ice formation (IIF) during tissue freezing and thawing. Mechanistic understanding of IIF in tumor cells is critical to the development of tumor cryo-ablation protocol. In aid of a high speed CMOS camera system, the events of IIF in MCF-7 cells have been studied using cryomicroscopy. Images(More)
Water transport across the cell plasma membrane and intracellular ice formation (IIF)—the two biophysical events that may cause cell injury during cryopreservation—were studied by cryomicroscopy and modeling using mammalian (Peromyscus) oocytes. Unusually high activation energy for water transport across the cell plasma membrane was identified indicating(More)
Study of the intracellular ice formation (IIF) and growth is essential to the mechanistic understanding of cellular damage through freezing. In the aid of high speed and high resolution cryo-imaging technology, the transient intracellular ice formation and growth processes of the attached human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were successfully(More)
In this study, a new intracellular ice formation network model, coupled with an improved cell dehydration model has been developed. The non-uniform dehydration of the cell during freezing is simulated with moving boundary condition. Internal cell structures like cell nucleus are taken into consideration. The IIF network model is developed from classic(More)
The morphological changes of small (approximately 100 microm) alginate microcapsules and the biophysical alterations of water in the microcapsules during cryopreservation were studied using cryomicroscopy and scanning calorimetry. It was found that water in the small microcapsules can be preferentially vitrified over water in the bulk solution in the(More)
In this study, the collapse temperature was determined using the freeze-drying microscopy (FDM) method for a variety of cell culture medium-based solutions (with 0.05-0.8 M trehalose) that are important for long-term stabilization of living cells in the dry state at ambient temperature (lyopreservation) by freeze-drying. Being consistent with what has been(More)
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