Gearóid Tuohy

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A major difficulty associated with the design of gene therapies for autosomal dominant diseases is the immense intragenic heterogeneity often encountered in such conditions. In order to overcome such difficulties we have designed, and evaluated in vitro, three strategies which avoid a requirement to target individual mutations for genetic suppression. In(More)
Given that mutant COL1A1 is known to cause Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), tools to modulate COL1A1 expression are likely to be of significant therapeutic value. In this context, we have evaluated RNA interference (RNAi) as a means to downregulate COL1A1 expression in Cos-7 cells and in human mesenchymal progenitor stem cells (MPCs), the latter cells giving(More)
PURPOSE To design, generate, and compare in vitro a range of hammerhead ribozymes targeting retinal transcripts implicated in autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) and thereby identify ribozymes that may be valuable as therapeutic agents for adRP. To address mutational heterogeneity in rhodopsin and peripherin-linked adRP using mutation-independent(More)
A combined total of approximately 100 mutations have been encountered within the rhodopsin gene in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and congenital night blindness. Mice carrying a targeted disruption of the rhodopsin gene phenotypically mimic RP, losing their photoreceptors over a period of 3 months and having no recordable rod electroretinogram. These animals(More)
Over 100 dominant-negative mutations within the COL1A1 gene have been identified in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). In terms of human therapeutics, targeting each of these mutations independently is unlikely to be feasible. Here we show that the hammerhead ribozyme Rzpol1a1, targeting a common polymorphism within transcripts from the COL1A1 gene,(More)
PURPOSE Rod, cone, cone-rod, and macular dystrophies eventually bring about the death of cone photoreceptor cells. The present study explores means of inhibiting apoptosis in addition to inducing a specific apoptotic pathway within a photoreceptor-derived cell line. METHODS Retinal cell culture of murine 661W photoreceptor-derived cells was used to assess(More)
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