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The apical surface of mouse urothelium is covered by two-dimensional crystals (plaques) of uroplakin (UP) particles. To study uroplakin function, we ablated the mouse UPII gene. A comparison of the phenotypes of UPII- and UPIII-deficient mice yielded new insights into the mechanism of plaque formation and some fundamental features of urothelial(More)
The reproducibility of conventional two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis can be improved using differential in-gel electrophoresis (DIGE), a new emerging technology for proteomic analysis. In DIGE, two pools of proteins are labeled with 1-(5-carboxypentyl)-1'-propylindocarbocyanine halide (Cy3) N-hydroxy-succinimidyl ester and(More)
Although it has been shown that mouse uroplakin (UP) Ia, a major glycoprotein of urothelial apical surface, can serve as the receptor for the FimH lectin adhesin of type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli, the organism that causes a great majority of urinary tract infections, the glycan structure of this native receptor was unknown. Using a sensitive approach(More)
The apical surface of mammalian urothelium is covered by 16-nm protein particles packed hexagonally to form 2D crystals of asymmetric unit membranes (AUM) that contribute to the remarkable permeability barrier function of the urinary bladder. We have shown previously that bovine AUMs contain four major integral membrane proteins, i.e., uroplakins Ia, Ib,(More)
AIMS The effects of deleting genes encoding uroplakins II (UPII) and III (UPIIIa) on mouse bladder physiology/dysfunction were studied in male and female wild type and knockout (KO) mice. METHODS UPII, UPIIIa, and WT mice were catheterized using previously described techniques. Continuous cystometry was conducted in conscious, freely moving animals.(More)
PURPOSE No effective treatment options currently are available to patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC), resulting in high mortality rates. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of many types of cancer, and its receptor (EGFR) provides an attractive target for molecular therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The(More)
We describe a new approach for the identification and characterization by mass spectrometry of proteins that have been electroblotted onto nitrocellulose. Using this method (Blotting and Removal of Nitrocellulose (BARN)), proteins can be analyzed either as intact proteins for molecular weight determination or as peptides generated by on-membrane(More)
Steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3/p/CIP/AIB1/ACTR/RAC3/TRAM-1) is a member of the p160 family of nuclear receptor coactivators, which includes SRC-1 (NCoA-1) and SRC-2 (TIF2/GRIP1/NCoA2). Previous studies indicate that SRC-3 is required for normal animal growth and is often amplified or overexpressed in many cancers, including breast and prostate(More)
The oncogenic role of STAT3 has been elucidated in a number of human malignancies including leukemia, lymphoma, malignant glioma and cancers of the breast, lung, and head and neck (HNSCC). Here we show that WP1066 has profound anti-neoplastic effects in HNSCC, mediated in part by suppression of JAK2-STAT3 signaling. WP1066 inhibited constitutive and(More)
Urinary tract infections are the second most common infectious disease in humans and are predominantly caused by uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC). A majority of UPEC isolates express the type 1 pilus adhesin, FimH, and cell culture and murine studies demonstrate that FimH is involved in invasion and apoptosis of urothelial cells. FimH initiates bladder(More)