Learn More
Stromal-derived factor 1alpha (SDF-1alpha) is a key stem cell homing factor that is crucial for mobilization of stem cells from bone marrow to peripheral blood and subsequent engraftment to the tissue of diseased organs. It has been reported that SDF-1alpha is transiently over-expressed in ischemic myocardium. Therefore, there may be a limited time window(More)
Overexpression of Bmi-1 has been observed in a variety of cancers, and it has been suggested to be an independent prognostic marker for the patients. The objective of this study was to determine the level of Bmi-1 expression or its autoantibodies in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to correlate it with clinicopathologic data. We first(More)
Cardiac stem cell-like populations exist in adult hearts, and their roles in cardiac repair remain to be defined. Sca-1 is an important surface marker for cardiac and other somatic stem cells. We hypothesized that heart-derived Sca-1(+)/CD31(-) cells may play a role in myocardial infarction-induced cardiac repair/remodeling. Mouse heart-derived(More)
UNLABELLED Epimedium brevicornum maxim, a nonleguminous medicinal plant, has been found to be rich in phytoestrogen flavonoids. Results from a 24-month randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial showed that Epimedium-derived phytoestrogen flavonoids were able to exert beneficial effects on preventing bone loss in late postmenopausal women,(More)
INTRODUCTION This study was performed to evaluate the attenuation of osteoarthritic (OA) pathogenesis via disruption of the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) signaling with AMD3100 in a guinea pig OA model. METHODS OA chondrocytes and cartilage explants were incubated with SDF-1, siRNA CXCR4, or anti-CXCR4(More)
Emerging evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) have important roles in regulating osteogenic differentiation and bone formation. Thus far, no study has established the pathophysiological role for miRNAs identified in human osteoporotic bone specimens. Here we found that elevated miR-214 levels correlated with a lower degree of bone formation in bone(More)
Chronic inflammation-promoted metastasis has been considered as a major challenge in cancer therapy. Pro-inflammatory cytokine TNFα can induce cancer invasion and metastasis associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the underlying mechanisms are not entirely clear. In this study, we showed that TNFα induces EMT in human HCT116 cells(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a drill-hole defect model in osteoporotic mouse femur by comparing temporal cortical bone healing pattern between OVX-induced osteoporotic bone and sham-operated bone. METHODS 3-month-old female C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into an ovariectomy group (OVX) and a sham-operated group (Sham). At 6 weeks post-surgery, 7 mice from(More)
Cisplatin is a first-line chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but the therapeutic effect is disappointing, partly due to drug resistance. Emerging evidence showed that chemoresistance associates with acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype and cancer stem cell-like properties. However, the(More)
Sertoli cells play a pivotal role in supporting proliferation of germ cells and differentiation during spermatogenesis in mammals. Nanomolar concentrations of Bisphenol A (BPA) can significantly stimulate the proliferation of mouse immature Sertoli (TM4) cells. However, mechanisms by which BPA caused these effects were still unclear. In the present study,(More)