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Influenza virus remains a serious health threat, owing to its ability to evade immune surveillance through rapid genetic drift and reassortment. Here we used a human non-immune antibody phage-display library and the H5 hemagglutinin ectodomain to select ten neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) that were effective against all group 1 influenza viruses tested,(More)
Retrocyclin is a circular antimicrobial 18-residue peptide encoded in the human genome by a theta-defensin pseudogene. In the human genome, the gene for retrocyclin is inactivated by an in-frame stop codon in its signal sequence but its mature coding sequence is intact. The peptide corresponding to the processed human retrocyclin, generated by solid phase(More)
Hyaluronidase (Hyal) and low m.w. hyaluronan (LMW HA) fragments have been widely reported to stimulate the innate immune response. However, most hyaluronidases used were purified from animal tissues (e.g., bovine testis Hyal [BTH]), and contain endotoxin and other unrelated proteins. We tested a highly purified recombinant human Hyal (rHuPH20) and(More)
We present the data and the technology, a combination of which allows us to determine the identity of proprotein convertases (PCs) related to the processing of specific protein targets including viral and bacterial pathogens. Our results, which support and extend the data of other laboratories, are required for the design of effective inhibitors of PCs(More)
In previous studies, we reported the isolation and characterization of a Chinese hamster ovary cell mutant (pgsG) defective in glucuronyltransferase I (GlcATI). This enzyme adds the terminal GlcA residue in the core protein-linkage tetrasaccharide (GlcAbeta1,3Galbeta1,3Galbeta1, 4Xylbeta-O-) on which glycosaminoglycan assembly occurs (Bai, X. M., Wei, G.,(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-Stimulated Gene 6 protein (TSG-6) is a hyaluronan (HA)-binding glycoprotein containing an HA-binding Link module. Because of its well-defined structure, HA binding properties and small size, TSG-6 is an excellent candidate as an alternative to animal-derived HA-binding protein (HABP) for the detection of HA. The present work describes(More)
OBJECTIVE Expression of Spam1/PH20 and its modulation of high/low molecular weight hyaluronan substrate have been proposed to play an important role in murine oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) maturation in vitro and in normal and demyelinated central nervous system (CNS). We reexamined this using highly purified PH20. METHODS Steady-state expression(More)
Purpose: While multikinase inhibitors with RET activity are active in RET-rearranged thyroid and lung cancers, objective response rates are relatively low and toxicity can be substantial. The development of novel RET inhibitors with improved potency and/or reduced toxicity is thus an unmet need. RXDX-105 is a small molecule kinase inhibitor that potently(More)
The use of entomopathogenic fungi to control mosquitoes is a promising tool for reducing vector-borne disease transmission. To better understand infection stratagems of insect pathogenic fungi, we analyzed the global gene expression profiling of Beauveria bassiana at 36, 60, 84 and 108 h after topical infection of Anopheles stephensi adult mosquitoes using(More)
BACKGROUND The tumor microenvironment is an emerging source of novel therapeutic targets in cancer. The glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) accumulates in 20-30% of tumors and is often associated with poor prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS We developed a digitized, semiquantitative scoring system for tumor-associated HA content, then grouped tumors (from(More)