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Considering the characteristics of the X-ray microscope system being developed at SUNY at Buffalo and the limitations of available cone-beam reconstruction algorithms, a general cone-beam reconstruction algorithm and several special versions of it are proposed and validated by simulation. The cone-beam algorithm allows various scanning loci, handles(More)
Bioluminescence tomography (BLT) is used to localize and quantify bioluminescent sources in a small living animal. By advancing bioluminescent imaging to a tomographic framework, it helps to diagnose diseases, monitor therapies and facilitate drug development. In this paper, we establish a direct linear relationship between measured surface photon density(More)
Although diagnostic medical imaging provides enormous benefits in the early detection and accuracy diagnosis of various diseases, there are growing concerns on the potential side effect of radiation induced genetic, cancerous and other diseases. How to reduce radiation dose while maintaining the diagnostic performance is a major challenge in the computed(More)
ChucK is a new audio programming language for real-time synthesis, composition, and performance, which runs on commodity operating systems. ChucK natively supports concurrency, multiple, simultaneous, dynamic control rates, and the ability to add, remove, and modify code, on-the-fly, while the program is running, without stopping or restarting. It offers(More)
The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori induces a strong inflammatory host response, yet the bacterium maintains long-term persistence in the host. H. pylori combats oxidative stress via a battery of diverse activities, some of which are unique or newly described. In addition to using the well-studied bacterial oxidative stress resistance enzymes(More)
The availability of two complete Helicobacter pylori genome sequences and recent studies of its population genetics have provided a detailed picture of genetic diversity in this important human gastric pathogen. It is believed that, in addition to genetic recombination, de novo mutation could have a role in generating the high level of genetic variation in(More)
Oxidative stress resistance is one of the key properties that enable pathogenic bacteria to survive the toxic reactive oxygen species released by the host. In a previous study characterizing oxidative stress resistance mutants of Helicobacter pylori, a novel potential antioxidant protein (MdaB) was identified by the observation that the expression of this(More)
The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori can express the histo blood group antigens, which are on the surface of many human cells. Most H. pylori strains express the type II carbohydrates, Lewis X and Y, whereas a small population express the type I carbohydrates, Lewis A and B. The expression of Lewis A and Lewis X, as in the case of H. pylori strain(More)
Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharides (LPS) express human oncofetal antigens Lewis X and Lewis Y. The synthesis of Lewis Y involves the actions of alpha (1,3) and alpha (1,2) fucosyltransferases (FucTs). Here, we report the molecular cloning and characterization of genes encoding H. pylori alpha (1,2) FucT (Hp fucT2) from various H. pylori strains. We(More)