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To assess the incidence, nature and evolution of cardiac disease in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, 328 patients were studied between 1976 and 1987 for periods varying from 3 to 11 years. Patients underwent regular clinical examination, electrocardiography, echocardiography and radiological assessment. Pre-clinical cardiac involvement was found in 25% of(More)
The BIO14.6 hamster is a widely used model for autosomal recessive cardiomyopathy. These animals die prematurely from progressive myocardial necrosis and heart failure. The primary genetic defect leading to the cardiomyopathy is still unknown. Recently, a genetic linkage map localized the cardiomyopathy locus on hamster chromosome 9qa2.1-b1, excluding(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the presence and behavior of the dystrophinopathic myocardial damage in female carriers of a gene defect at the Xp21 locus of the X chromosome that causes Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD). DESIGN Cohort study from April 1, 1985, to April 30, 1995, with cardiologic follow-up performed yearly for a minimum of(More)
Mutations in any of the genes encoding the alpha, beta or gamma-sarcoglycan components of dystrophin-associated glycoproteins result in both sporadic and familial cases of either limb-girdle muscular dystrophy or severe childhood autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy. The collective name 'sarcoglycanopathies' has been proposed for these forms. We report(More)
Within the Campania region of southern Italy a prospective study on X-linked progressive muscular dystrophy was conducted over a period of 12 years from 1969 to 1980, inclusive. The mean incidence rate was 21.7 per 100,000 male livebirths for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) cases and 3.2 per 100,000 male livebirths for Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD)(More)
Aim of the study was to investigate whether the administration of gentamicin could restore dystrophin expression in striated muscles of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy caused by premature stop codon, as reported in mdx mice. Four Duchenne patients, still ambulant or in wheelchair stage for less than 4 months, selected among those with point(More)
Clinical, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic and other instrumental examinations were performed on 233 persons primarily seeking genetic advice about the Duchenne/Becker gene in order to reveal the incidence of dystrophic cardiomyopathy in a population of females with a close relationship with patients suffering from Duchenne or Becker muscular(More)
Compliance with medications is very important in the management of many gastrointestinal disorders: in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), controlled trials have shown the benefit of prophylactic medical treatment in lowering the risk of recurrences. Our aim was to appraise the association between current psychiatric disorders and medication adherence in an(More)
To evaluate the features and the course of cardiomyopathy in Becker muscular dystrophy, 68 patients--identified by clinical assessment and by reduced dystrophin labeling and/or DNA analysis--were followed in the years 1976-1993, for periods ranging from 3 to 18 years (mean 8). Patients periodically underwent clinical, electrocardiographic,(More)