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Pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plants are widely distributed in the world and are probably the most common poisonous plants affecting livestock, wildlife, and humans. Because of their abundance and potent toxicities, the mechanisms by which pyrrolizidine alkaloids induce genotoxicities, particularly carcinogenicity, were extensively studied for several(More)
Radix Scutellariae is the dried root of the medicinal plant Scutellariae baicalensis Georgi. It exhibits a variety of therapeutic effects and has a long history of application in traditional formulations as well as in modern herbal medications. It has been confirmed that flavonoids are the most abundant constituents and induce these therapeutic effects. Six(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) induced by a Chinese medicinal herb Tusanqi is increasingly being reported in recent years. The aim of the study was to investigate the possibility of using blood pyrrole-protein adducts test as a confirmatory diagnostic method. METHODS Patients with HSOS according to international diagnostic(More)
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and screening are widely accepted for chromosomal abnormality identification to avoid transferring embryos with genetic defects. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is a rapidly developing approach for genome analysis with increasing application in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to use MPS for(More)
Homozygous human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are thought to be better cell sources for hESC banking because their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype would strongly increase the degree of matching for certain populations with relatively smaller cohorts of cell lines. Homozygous hESCs can be generated from parthenogenetic embryos, but only heterozygous(More)
Flavonoids are polyphenolic phytochemicals present extensively in our daily diets, beverages, medicinal plants, and herbal remedies. The diverse biological effects of flavonoids have aroused great interest in scientists. In the past decade, various studies demonstrated extensive conjugate metabolisms, especially glucuronidation, of flavonoids in intestine(More)
The metabolism of the hepatotoxic otonecine-type pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA), clivorine, was investigated using rat liver microsomes. The metabolites dehydroretronecine (DHR), 7-glutathionyldehydroretronecine (7-GSH-DHR), 7, 9-diglutathionyldehydroretronecine (7,9-diGSH-DHR), and clivoric acid were identified using chromatographic and mass spectrometric(More)
PURPOSE Four flavones, namely Apigenin, Baicalein, Chrysin and Luteolin, were selected for study and comparison of their absorption and metabolism in gut using the in vitro Caco-2 monolayer model. METHODS Transport of the four flavones in the Caco-2 monolayer model was studied in both Apical-to-Basolateral and Basolateral-to-Apical directions. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS One major cause of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is the intake of pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA)-containing products. Over 8000 PA-induced HSOS cases have been reported worldwide and at least 51 among them were suspected to be attributed to exposure to the Chinese medicine 'Tusanqi'. PA-induced hepatotoxicity involves(More)
A wide variety of medicinal herbs contain hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), and often cause acute and chronic liver damages in man. Liquorice, a known antihepatitis, is commonly used with PA-containing herbs concurrently, and hepatotoxicity induced by such combined uses was not pronounced. The present study is to investigate effects of glycyrrhizin(More)