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Pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plants are widely distributed in the world and are probably the most common poisonous plants affecting livestock, wildlife, and humans. Because of their abundance and potent toxicities, the mechanisms by which pyrrolizidine alkaloids induce genotoxicities, particularly carcinogenicity, were extensively studied for several(More)
Radix Scutellariae is the dried root of the medicinal plant Scutellariae baicalensis Georgi. It exhibits a variety of therapeutic effects and has a long history of application in traditional formulations as well as in modern herbal medications. It has been confirmed that flavonoids are the most abundant constituents and induce these therapeutic effects. Six(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) induced by a Chinese medicinal herb Tusanqi is increasingly being reported in recent years. The aim of the study was to investigate the possibility of using blood pyrrole-protein adducts test as a confirmatory diagnostic method. METHODS Patients with HSOS according to international diagnostic(More)
PURPOSE Four flavones, namely Apigenin, Baicalein, Chrysin and Luteolin, were selected for study and comparison of their absorption and metabolism in gut using the in vitro Caco-2 monolayer model. METHODS Transport of the four flavones in the Caco-2 monolayer model was studied in both Apical-to-Basolateral and Basolateral-to-Apical directions. RESULTS(More)
Flavonoids are polyphenolic phytochemicals present extensively in our daily diets, beverages, medicinal plants, and herbal remedies. The diverse biological effects of flavonoids have aroused great interest in scientists. In the past decade, various studies demonstrated extensive conjugate metabolisms, especially glucuronidation, of flavonoids in intestine(More)
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and screening are widely accepted for chromosomal abnormality identification to avoid transferring embryos with genetic defects. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is a rapidly developing approach for genome analysis with increasing application in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to use MPS for(More)
The transport and metabolism of baicalein (Ba) was studied in vitro and in Caco-2 cells. Protein binding of Ba with Caco-2 lysate showed that Ba was bound to two classes of sites: a higher affinity, lower capacity site (K(A1) = 27.6 +/- 4.7 microM(-1), n(1) = 10.6 +/- 0.6 nmol/mg) and lower affinity, higher capacity site (K(A2) = 0.015 +/- 0.0013(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS One major cause of hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is the intake of pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA)-containing products. Over 8000 PA-induced HSOS cases have been reported worldwide and at least 51 among them were suspected to be attributed to exposure to the Chinese medicine 'Tusanqi'. PA-induced hepatotoxicity involves(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of intestinal first-pass metabolism of baicalein (B) in its absorption process. The intestinal absorption of B was characterized using Caco-2 cell monolayer model and rat in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion model. In addition, preliminary metabolic kinetics of B was evaluated in both rat and(More)
Homozygous human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are thought to be better cell sources for hESC banking because their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype would strongly increase the degree of matching for certain populations with relatively smaller cohorts of cell lines. Homozygous hESCs can be generated from parthenogenetic embryos, but only heterozygous(More)