Geórgia Correa Atella

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Parasite‐derived lipids may play important roles in host‐pathogen interactions and escape mechanisms. Herein, we evaluated the role of schistosomal‐derived lipids in Toll‐like receptor (TLR)-2 and eosinophil activation in Schistosoma mansoni infection. Mice lacking TLR2 exhibited reduced liver eosinophilic granuloma, compared with that of wild‐type animals,(More)
A hallmark of LL is the accumulation of Virchow's foamy macrophages. However, the origin and nature of these lipids, as well as their function and contribution to leprosy disease, remain unclear. We herein show that macrophages present in LL dermal lesions are highly positive for ADRP, suggesting that their foamy aspect is at least in part derived from LD(More)
The density of lipophorin was determined in adult females of Rhodnius prolixus on different days after a meal. Several populations od lipoproteins, differing in density but always in the range of HDL, were found in the hemolymph. The density of the major population was analyzed and a complex profile of density variation was found associated with the(More)
One fundamental step of Leishmania–macrophage interaction is the phase of parasite internalization through an endocytic process, with the formation of the parasitophorous vacuole (PV). The present study analyzed this process using two approaches. First, to investigate the host cell proteins which take part in this compartment, the macrophage surface was(More)
Clathrin is a scaffold protein found in different types of coated vesicles in most eukaryotic cells. Major forces that drive clathrin coat formation are the adaptor protein complexes. Trypanosoma cruzi is a flagellate protozoan that ingests macromolecules through receptor-mediated endocytosis, but the molecules involved in this process are still poorly(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, is transmitted by bug feces deposited on human skin during a blood meal. However, parasite infection occurs through the wound produced by insect mouthparts. Saliva of the Triatominae bug Rhodnius prolixus is a source of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Here, we tested the role of both triatomine(More)
The bloodsucking hemipteran Rhodnius prolixus is a vector of Chagas' disease, which affects 7-8 million people today in Latin America. In contrast to other hematophagous insects, the triatomine gut is compartmentalized into three segments that perform different functions during blood digestion. Here we report analysis of transcriptomes for each of the(More)
Hemozoin (Hz) is a heme crystal produced upon hemoglobin digestion as the main mechanism of heme disposal in several hematophagous organisms. Here, we show that, in the helminth Schistosoma mansoni, Hz formation occurs in extracellular lipid droplets (LDs). Transmission electron microscopy of adult worms revealed the presence of numerous electron-lucent(More)
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is a major bioactive lipid that is enzymatically generated by phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)). Previously, we showed that LPC is present in the saliva of the blood-sucking hemipteran Rhodnius prolixus and modulates cell-signaling pathways involved in vascular biology, which aids blood feeding. Here, we show that the saliva of the(More)
BACKGROUND Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is the main phospholipid component of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and is usually noted as a marker of several human diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cancer and diabetes. Some studies suggest that oxLDL modulates Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling. However, effector molecules that are present in oxLDL(More)