Gbenga T Okulate

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BACKGROUND Somatic symptoms are extremely common features of depression and other mental disorders in African countries such as Nigeria, but their weight in the diagnosis of depression is not certain. AIM To determine what weight should be assigned to these symptoms in comparison with other well-known symptoms in the diagnosis of depression. METHOD A(More)
Most Nigerian soldiers acknowledge the usefulness of condoms in HIV prevention, but few use them in sexual relationships. Identification of soldiers low in HIV-risk behaviours, particularly regular condom use, to function as peer educators appears desirable. We therefore sought to identify HIV-risk issues among a group of Nigerian soldiers. Male soldiers(More)
CONTEXT Studies on knowledge and risk behaviors related to HIV/AIDS reported from developed countries have shown that people with psychiatric disorders constitute a special risk group. In Nigeria, although similar studies have been conducted on various population groups, there has, so far, been no reported study on people suffering from psychiatric(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the characteristics of patients who attempted suicide in a military setting and to examine the differences between the suicide attempters and a group of non-suicide, affective disorder patients. DESIGN Fifty one consecutive cases of suicide attempts were studied using a questionnaire which inquired about demographic characteristics(More)
The objective of the study is to identify socio-demographic variables and clinical characteristics which distinguish between three subtypes of depression. In a prospective manner, 227 patients meeting ICD-10 criteria for depression were grouped into 3 subtypes--unipolar depression without psychosis, unipolar depression with psychosis and bipolar disorder(More)
Having been developed in a foreign culture, the extent to which items on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and the Zung Self-Rating Scale (ZS) reflect the features of depression as obtained in clinical interviews in Nigeria is uncertain. Also, items predictive capabilities for the severity of depression and the extent of concurrence between the(More)
We studied the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in a sample of 829 Nigerian men, using the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire. These men were also screened for depression, alcohol abuse and panic disorder using the Patient Health Questionnaire. The prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) was 36% in men 30 years and below, 31% in those(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and survivor guilt in a sample of hospitalized soldiers evacuated from the Liberian and Sierra-Leonean wars in which Nigerians were involved as peace keepers. The relationships between PTSD, survivor guilt and substance use were also investigated. DESIGN A socio-demographic(More)
Although auditory hallucinations are universal phenomena, they show cultural and ethnic variation. We set out to study some differences between auditory hallucinations in Nigerian patients and their foreign counterparts. We also investigated the usefulness of auditory hallucinations in distinguishing between schizophrenia and affective disorders. A(More)
The study involves 204 cases of interpersonal assault reported to the police during a period of 1 year. The patterns of domestic violence and community violence involving friends, neighbors, and strangers are described. The most common type of violence reported to the police is community interpersonal violence in which victims are mostly females and(More)