Gaylen L. Edwards

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The antialcoholism medication disulfiram (Antabuse) inhibits aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), which results in the accumulation of acetaldehyde upon ethanol ingestion and produces the aversive ‘Antabuse reaction’ that deters alcohol consumption. Disulfiram has also been shown to deter cocaine use, even in the absence of an interaction with alcohol, indicating(More)
IL-1 is of utmost importance in the host response to immunological challenges. We identified and functionally characterized two novel IL-1 ligands termed IL-1delta and IL-1epsilon. Northern blot analyses show that these IL-1s are highly abundant in embryonic tissue and tissues containing epithelial cells (i.e., skin, lung, and stomach). In extension,(More)
Previous reports indicate the lateral parabrachial nucleus (IPBN) is important in the regulation of fluid intake. After electrolytic lesions of the IPBN, rats consume increased amounts of water when challenged with pharmacological stimuli that mimic depletion of the extracellular fluid space. Nonetheless, it is possible that neurons within the IPBN are not(More)
2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) has been shown to induce increased feeding responses in animals. Recent studies suggest the possible involvement of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in 2-DG-induced feeding. The present study examined the effect of immunoneutralization of endogenous NPY on 2-DG-induced feeding. NPY antibody injected into the paraventricular nucleus of the rats(More)
The effects of neurotoxic destruction of catecholaminergic projections to the spinal cord on cannabinoid antinociception were examined in models of acute and tonic nociception. High performance liquid chromatography was used to quantify monoamine levels in sham-operated and lesioned rats. Intrathecal administration of the catecholamine neurotoxin(More)
Although Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized primarily by loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, there is a concomitant loss of norepinephrine (NE) neurons in the locus coeruleus. Dopaminergic lesions induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) are commonly used to model PD, and although MPTP effectively mimics the dopaminergic(More)
Amylin and CCK activate the area postrema (AP)/nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) - lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) - central amygdala (CeA) pathway. However, except for the brainstem structures the role of these nuclei for the anorectic effect of these peptides is not yet well characterized. The current study investigated the role of the LPBN in(More)
Cannabinoids have been shown to influence food intake, and until recently, the neural pathways mediating these effects have remained obscure. It has been previously shown that intracerebroventricular injection of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) causes increased consumption of palatable foods in rats, and we postulated the involvement of the(More)
Previous experiments have reported increased seizure susceptibility in transgenic mice lacking normal neuropeptide-Y (NPY) gene expression (i.e. NPY 'knock-out' mice). A critical issue inherent in such experiments concerns the confounding of developmental influences of NPY and its neurotransmitter functions in the mature organism. The present experiments(More)
Effects of physical activity on brain noradrenergic response to footshock were examined. Male Fischer 344 rats were randomly assigned to shoebox cages with (AW) or without (SED) 24-hr access to an activity wheel for 4-5 weeks. Extracellular levels of norepinephrine (NE) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-acetic acid (DOPAC) in the brain frontal cortex were measured in(More)