Gayle Smythe

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In high concentrations or after prolonged exposure, the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist quinolinic acid (QUIN) induces lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, and cell death in the adult brain, and after i.c.v. injection induces seizures and increases blood-brain barrier permeability. As QUIN is substantially increased in plasma and brain of fetal sheep(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to examine the effects of chronic embolization of the umbilical circulation during late gestation on regional concentrations of quinolinic acid and kynurenic acid (neuroactive products of tryptophan catabolism) and of the astrocyte-associated glial fibrillary acidic protein in the fetal brain. STUDY DESIGN Pregnant ewes(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of maternal tryptophan loading on fetal plasma and brain, kynurenic acid, and quinolinic acid concentrations was compared in late gestation fetal sheep with either chronically embolized or nonembolized placentas. STUDY DESIGN The placentas of 4 ewes were embolized by daily injection of mucopolysaccharide microspheres into the(More)
  • Gayle Smythe
  • Advances in experimental medicine and biology
  • 2016
Post-natal skeletal muscle is a highly plastic tissue that has the capacity to regenerate rapidly following injury, and to undergo significant modification in tissue mass (i.e. atrophy/hypertrophy) in response to global metabolic changes. These processes are reliant largely on soluble factors that directly modulate muscle regeneration and mass. However,(More)
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