Gayathri Krishnamoorthy

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Relationship between stability and activity of enzymes is maintained by underlying conformational flexibility. In thermophilic enzymes, a decrease in flexibility causes low enzyme activity while in less stable proteins such as mesophiles and psychrophiles, an increase in flexibility is associated with enhanced enzyme activity. Recently, we identified a(More)
Regulation of cochlear blood flow is critical for hearing due to its exquisite sensitivity to ischemia and oxidative stress. Many forms of hearing loss such as sensorineural hearing loss and presbyacusis may involve or be aggravated by blood flow disorders. Animal experiments and clinical outcomes further suggest that there is a gender preference in hearing(More)
A number of teams are pursuing research in the field of adaptive visualization. This paper provides a solution for offering students personalized guidance, through the Variable Scope Explanatory Visualization system, VARScope. The paper explains how the provision of an adaptive panel with annotated links in the form of visual cues can be used to suggest(More)
Cochlear blood flow regulation is important to prevent hearing loss caused by ischemia and oxidative stress. Cochlear blood supply is provided by the spiral modiolar artery (SMA). The myogenic tone of the SMA is enhanced by the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) blocker L-N(G)-nitro-arginine (LNNA) in males, but not in females. Here, we investigated whether this(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium sparks are ryanodine receptor mediated transient calcium signals that have been shown to hyperpolarize the membrane potential by activating large conductance calcium activated potassium (BK) channels in vascular smooth muscle cells. Along with voltage-dependent calcium channels, they form a signaling unit that has a vasodilatory influence(More)
In depolarized smooth muscle cells of pressurized cerebral arteries, ryanodine receptors (RyRs) generate "Ca2+ sparks" that activate large-conductance, Ca2+ -, and voltage-sensitive potassium (BK) channels to oppose pressure-induced (myogenic) constriction. Here, we show that BK channels and RyRs have opposing roles in the regulation of arterial tone in(More)
In many vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), ryanodine receptor-mediated Ca2+ sparks activate large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels leading to lowered SMC [Ca2+]i and vasodilation. Here we investigated whether Ca2+ sparks regulate SMC global [Ca2+]i and diameter in the spiral modiolar artery (SMA) by activating BK channels. SMAs were isolated(More)
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