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Valproic acid (VPA) is widely used clinically, as an anticonvulsant and mood stabilizer but is, however, also known to block cell proliferation through its ability to inhibit histone deacetylase enzymes. There have been a number of reports of cognitive impairments in patients taking VPA. In this investigation we examined the relationship between cognition(More)
Previous in vitro studies have established that Co2+-containing or Ca2+-free media interfere with the initiation of the fast axonal transport of proteins. The present study has used light- and electron-microscope radioautography to compare the distribution of [3H]fucose-labelled glycoproteins in neuronal cell bodies of control dorsal root ganglia and(More)
Explants from mouse jejunum were cultured for 3-7 h in the absence (control) or presence of colchicine (100 micrograms/ml) or nocodazole (10 micrograms/ml). In recovery experiments, explants were cultured in fresh medium for an additional period. To label glycoproteins, 3H-fucose was added during the last 3 or 6 h of the initial culture or recovery period.(More)
In the first paper of this series (Bennett et al., 1984), light-microscope radioautographic studies showed that colchicine or vinblastine inhibited intracellular migration of glycoproteins out of the Golgi region in a variety of cell types. In the present work, the effects of these drugs on migration of membrane glycoproteins have been examined at the(More)
The ability to radiolabel biological molecules, in conjunction with radioautographic or cell fractionation techniques, has brought about a revolution in our knowledge of dynamic cellular processes. This has been particularly true since the 1940's, when isotopes such as 35S and 14C became available, since these isotopes could be incorporated into a great(More)
Sections of bullfrog dorsal root ganglia were analyzed for cytidine monophosphatase (CMPase), thiamine pyrophosphatase (TPPase), and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphatase (NADPase) activity, and the distributions of these enzymatic activities were compared with those traditionally found in other cell types (e.g., CMPase: Golgi trans-sacculotubular(More)
The factors regulating the developmental changes in intestinal morphology and enzyme activity during the postnatal period are incompletely understood. Increased ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and polyamine levels occur in association with increased mucosal growth seen just prior to weaning. The present work examines the effects of the polyamine spermidine,(More)