Gavin Sinclair

Learn More
Traditional, open-ended provider questions regarding patient symptoms are insensitive. Better methods are needed to measure symptoms for clinical management, patient-oriented research, and adverse drug-event reporting. Our objective was to develop and initially validate a brief, self-reported HIV symptom index tailored to patients exposed to multidrug(More)
Silica particles were partially coated with silver, and a suitable chromophore, such that they could be simultaneously trapped within an optical tweezers system, and emit a surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) response. A standard 1064 nm TEM00 mode laser was used to trap the bead whilst a frequency doubling crystal inserted into the beam(More)
We seek to develop a clinically useful measure of antiretroviral medication adherence. Because there is no gold standard for adherence, we will assess the clinical validity of patient- and provider-reported adherence by the strength of their expected associations with current viral load, depressive symptoms, alcohol and illicit drug use, and homelessness.(More)
We have developed holographic optical tweezers that can manipulate many particles simultaneously in three dimensions in order to create micro-crystal structures that extend over many tens of microns. The technique uses specific hologram-design algorithms to create structures that can be dynamically scaled or rotated about arbitrary axes. We believe the(More)
We have developed software with an interactive user interface that can be used to generate phase holograms for use with spatial light modulators. The program utilizes different hologram design techniques, allowing the user to select an appropriate algorithm. The program can be used to generate multiple beams and can be used for beam steering. We see a major(More)
The micromanipulation of objects into 3-dimensional geometries within holographic optical tweezers is carried out using modified Gerchberg-Saxton (GS) and direct binary search (DBS) algorithms to produce the hologram designs. The algorithms calculate sequences of phase holograms, which are implemented using a spatial light modulator, to reconfigure the(More)
Phase-hologram patterns that can shape the intensity distribution of a light beam in several planes simultaneously can be calculated with an iterative Gerchberg-Saxton algorithm [T. Haist et al., Opt. Commun. 140, 299 (1997)]. We apply this algorithm in holographic optical tweezers. This allows us to simultaneously trap several objects in individually(More)
We have examined the role of microtubules (MTs) in the development and maintenance of the cytoplasmic compartmentation of ribosomes in cultured embryonic chick sensory neurons. Control neurons show a sharp cytoplasmic demarcation between the ribosome-rich/MT-deficient 'translational' cytoplasm of the perikaryon and the ribosome-deficient/MT-rich(More)
We investigated the role of microtubules in the compartmentation of motility and endocytosis in the neurite shaft and growth cone of cultured chick sensory neurons. As reported previously by Letourneau and Ressler (J. Cell Biol., 98 (1984) 1355-1362), stimulating microtubule polymerization with taxol inhibits growth cone motility. In neurons that had grown(More)