Gavin S Stewart

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To investigate the role of inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) urea transporters in the renal concentrating mechanism, we deleted 3 kb of the UT-A urea transporter gene containing a single 140-bp exon (exon 10). Deletion of this segment selectively disrupted expression of the two known IMCD isoforms of UT-A, namely UT-A1 and UT-A3, producing UT-A1/3(-/-)(More)
Two closely related genes, UT-A (Slc14a2) and UT-B (Slc14a1), encode specialized transporter proteins that modulate the movement of urea across cell membranes. In this article, we report the characterization of a cDNA isolated from human colonic mucosa encoding a novel UT-A urea transporter, hUT-A6. The encoded protein is 235 amino acids (aa) in length,(More)
Maintaining a correct balance of N is essential for life. In mammals, the major sources of N in the diet are amino acids and peptides derived from ingested proteins. The immediate endproduct of mammalian protein catabolism is ammonia, which is toxic to cells if allowed to accumulate. Therefore, amino acids are broken down in the liver as part of the(More)
We have used perforated patch clamp and Fura-2 microfluorescence measurements to study Ca2+-activated Cl− currents in cultured mouse renal inner medullary collecting duct cells (mIMCD-3). The conductance was spontaneously active under resting conditions and whole cell currents were time and voltage-independent with an outwardly rectifying current-voltage(More)
In mammals, urea is the main nitrogenous breakdown product of protein catabolism and is produced in the liver. In certain tissues, the movement of urea across cell membranes is specifically mediated by a group of proteins known as the SLC14A family of facilitative urea transporters. These proteins are derived from two distinct genes, UT-A (SLC14A2) and UT-B(More)
The process of urea nitrogen salvaging plays a vital role in the symbiotic relationship between mammals and their intestinal bacteria. The first step in this process requires the movement of urea from the mammalian bloodstream into the gastrointestinal tract lumen via specialized proteins known as facilitative urea transporters. In this study, we examined(More)
Ruminant nutrition relies upon the symbiotic relationship that exists with microbial populations in the rumen. Urea transported across the ruminal epithelia and secreted by the salivary glands is a key source of nitrogen for microbial growth in the rumen. As ruminal urea transport can be mediated by specific UT-B urea transporters, this study investigated(More)
The renal UT-A urea transporters UT-A1, UT-A2, and UT-A3 are known to play an important role in the urinary concentrating mechanism. The control of the cellular localization of UT-A transporters is therefore vital to overall renal function. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of ubiquitination on UT-A plasma membrane expression in(More)
Iron is essential for male fertility, and disruptions in iron balance lead to impairment of testicular function. The divalent metal transporter DMT1 is a key modulator of transferrin- and non-transferrin-bound iron homeostasis. As a first step in determining the role of DMT1 in the testis, we have characterized the pattern of DMT1 expression in the(More)
1. A specific antibody was developed against the disulphide-bound 118 kDa glycoprotein of human intestinal mucin and used to establish an e.l.i.s.a. Fourteen purified mucins [eight normal (N) and six cystic fibrosis (CF)] had the same affinity for the antibody in the e.l.i.s.a., but their relative immunoreactivities varied widely (approx. 100,000-fold). In(More)