Gavin S. Carr

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Laboratory cultures of the fungus Plectosphaerella cucumerina obtained from marine sediments collected in Barkley Sound, British Columbia, yielded the novel alkaloids plectosphaeroic acids A (1) to C (3). The alkaloids 1-3 are inhibitors of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO).
Marine bacteria and microalgae engage in dynamic symbioses mediated by small molecules. A recent study of Phaeobacter gallaeciensis, a member of the large roseobacter clade of α-proteobacteria, and Emiliania huxleyi, a prominent member of the microphytoplankton found in large algal blooms, revealed that an algal senescence signal produced by E. huxleyi(More)
Two new cyclic depsipeptides, turnagainolides A (1) and B (2), have been isolated from laboratory cultures of a marine isolate of Bacillus sp. The structures of 1 and 2, which are simply epimers at the site of macrolactonization, were elucidated by analysis of NMR data and chemical degradation. A total synthesis of the turnagainolides confirmed their(More)
A series of deletion mutants in the recently identified bactobolin biosynthetic pathway defined the roles of several key biosynthetic enzymes and showed how promiscuity in three enzyme systems allows this cluster to produce multiple products. Studies on the deletion mutants also led to four new bactobolin analogs that provide additional structure-activity(More)
Three new members of the angucycline class of antibiotics, pseudonocardones A-C (1-3), along with the known antibiotics 6-deoxy-8-O-methylrabelomycin (4) and X-14881 E (5) have been isolated from the culture of a Pseudonocardia strain associated with the fungus-growing ant Apterostigma dentigerum. Compounds 4 and 5 showed antibiotic activity against(More)
Microtermolides A (1) and B (2) were isolated from a Streptomyces sp. strain associated with fungus-growing termites. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Structural elucidation of 1 led to the re-examination of the structure originally proposed for vinylamycin (3). Based on a(More)
Interrogation of the evolutionary history underlying the remarkable structures and biological activities of natural products has been complicated by not knowing the functions they have evolved to fulfill. Siderophores-soluble, low molecular weight compounds-have an easily understood and measured function: acquiring iron from the environment. Bacteria engage(More)
Biomimetic synthesis is an attempt to assemble natural products along biosynthetic lines without recourse to the full enzymatic machinery of nature. We exemplify this with a total synthesis of exiguamine A and the newly isolated natural product exiguamine B. The most noteworthy feature of this work is an oxidative endgame drawing from the complex chemistry(More)
A neutral inhibitor of the serine protease factor Xa was identified via a high-throughput screen of a commercial library. The initial lead 1 demonstrated reversible and competitive inhibition kinetics for factor Xa and possessed a high degree of selectivity versus other related serine proteases. Initial modeling efforts and the generation of a series of(More)
Irregularasulfate (1), a new nitrogen-containing sesterterpenoid, and the known sesterterpenoids hipposulfate C (2), halisulfate-7 (3), and igernellin (4), have been isolated from the marine sponge Spongia irregularis collected in Papua New Guinea. The structure of 1 was elucidated via analysis of its spectroscopic data. Sesterterpenoids 1, 2, and 3 are(More)