Gavin Rhys Lloyd

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BACKGROUND The potential use of Raman spectroscopy (RS) for the detection of malignancy within lymph nodes of the head and neck was evaluated. RS measures the presence of biomolecules by the inelastic scattering of light within cells and tissues. This can be performed in vivo in real-time. METHODS 103 lymph nodes were collected from 23 patients undergoing(More)
Barrett's oesophagus (BE) is a premalignant condition that can progress to oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic surveillance aims to identify potential progression at an early, treatable stage, but generates large numbers of tissue biopsies. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) mapping was used to develop an automated histology tool for detection of BE and(More)
We report results from a study utilizing infrared spectral cytopathology (SCP) to detect abnormalities in exfoliated esophageal cells. SCP has been developed over the past decade as an ancillary tool to classical cytopathology. In SCP, the biochemical composition of individual cells is probed by collecting infrared absorption spectra from each individual,(More)
Flecainide can "organise" atrial fibrillation into atrial flutter with 1:1 conduction, leading to cardiovascular compromise. The treatment of atrial fibrillation in the emergency department is often complex and depends on several factors, including time of onset of atrial fibrillation and previously known cardiac disease. Current guidelines include(More)
BACKGROUND Early detection and targeted endoscopic resection of Barrett's esophagus-associated high-grade dysplasia (HGD) can prevent progression to invasive esophageal malignancy. Raman spectroscopy, a highly sophisticated analytical technique, has been translated into an endoscopic tool to facilitate rapid, objective diagnosis of dysplasia in the(More)
We evaluate the potential of a custom-built fiber-optic Raman probe, suitable for in vivo use, to differentiate between benign, metaplastic (Barrett's oesophagus), and neoplastic (dysplastic and malignant) oesophageal tissue ex vivo on short timescales. We measured 337 Raman spectra (λ(ex)=830 nm; P(ex)=60 mW; t=1 s) using a confocal probe from fresh (298)(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheal mucosal blood flow is impaired when tracheal tube cuff pressure is above 30 cm of water, with the potential for tracheal mucosal necrosis. Previous studies have found excessive cuff pressures in simulated patients intubated by North American emergency physicians as well as patients intubated in the prehospital setting and emergency(More)
In infrared spectral histopathology, paraffin embedded tissues are often de-paraffinized using chemical agents such as xylene and hexane. These chemicals are known to be toxic and the routine de-waxing procedure is time consuming. A comparative study was carried out to identify alternate de-paraffinization methods by using paraffin oil and electronic(More)
coma scale, and no other significant injury. Plain films of his cervical spine were viewed by senior members of both orthopaedic and emergency medicine teams and interpreted as normal. He was observed clinically because of the mechanism of injury. Review at four hours established continuing neck pain. A computed tomography scan demonstrated an unstable(More)
AIM Raman spectroscopy of human tissue can provide a unique biochemical 'fingerprint' that alters with disease progression. Light incident on tissue is scattered and may be altered in wavelength, which can be represented as a Raman spectrum. A confocal fibreoptic Raman probe designed to fit down the accessory channel of a colonoscope has been constructed.(More)