Learn More
BACKGROUND Rhinovirus infection is a major cause of asthma exacerbations. While rhinovirus infection is known to generate kinins in the upper respiratory track, little is known about the effect of rhinovirus on kinin generation in the lower airway. We previously identified human tissue kallikrein (hTK) as the principal lung kininogenase during allergic(More)
Eggs of the helminth Schistosoma mansoni accumulate in the colon following infection and generate Th2-biassed inflammatory granulomas which become down- modulated in size as the infection proceeds to chronicity. However, although CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (T(regs)) are known to suppress Th1-mediated colitis, it is not clear whether they control(More)
BACKGROUND T cells of intraepithelial phenotype have previously been detected in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in a range of lung diseases; these cells express the adhesion molecule alpha(E)beta(7) integrin, CD103, the ligand for epithelial cell E-cadherin. In subjects with asthma CD4+ lymphocytes are the predominant T cell subtype found in bronchial(More)
Infection of the mammalian host by schistosome larvae occurs via the skin, although nothing is known about the development of immune responses to multiple exposures of schistosome larvae, and/or their excretory/secretory (E/S) products. Here, we show that multiple (4x) exposures, prior to the onset of egg laying by adult worms, modulate the skin immune(More)
The mechanisms through which Schistosoma mansoni larvae induce Th1 rather than Th2 immune responses are not well understood. In this study, using CD154-/- mice exposed to radiation-attenuated S. mansoni larvae, we demonstrate roles for CD154/CD40 in the activation of skin-derived APCs and the development of Th1 cells in the skin-draining lymph nodes (sdLN).(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) die of respiratory failure due to chronic infection and destructive neutrophilic inflammation. OBJECTIVE To identify potential therapeutic targets by characterising the neutrophil stimulating mediators in the CF airway. METHODS Spontaneously expectorated CF sputum was extracted in phosphate buffered(More)
Little evidence exists to guide the management of children with difficult asthma. The aim of this study was to determine whether children with difficult asthma, associated with sputum eosinophilia, are more likely to benefit from further treatment with high-dose systemic corticosteroids, compared to those without sputum eosinophilia. Induced sputum was(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been assumed that cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease is due in part to abnormal airway mucus. Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a form of bronchiectasis that is similar to CF in many ways but is caused by congenital defects in mucociliary clearance. Our objective was to compare the biophysical and transport properties of CF and PCD sputa(More)
Infectious cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni gain entry to the mammalian host through the skin where they induce a transient inflammatory influx of mononuclear cells. Some of these cells have antigen-presenting cell function (MHCII+) and have been reported to migrate to the skin-draining lymph nodes (sdLN) where they have the potential to prime CD4+ cells of(More)
BACKGROUND Increased levels of bradykinin and IL-8 have been detected within the airways of individuals with active symptoms of allergic rhinitis and asthma. OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate the in vivo effect of bradykinin on the expression of the IL-8 receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2 in nasal cells. METHODS Nasal samples were obtained from patients with(More)