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Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) is increasingly being used to examine microbial community structure and accordingly, a range of approaches have been used to analyze data sets. A number of published reports have included data and results that were statistically flawed or lacked rigorous statistical testing. A range of simple, yet(More)
Ecosystem functioning on arid and semi-arid floodplains may be described by two alternate traditional paradigms. The pulse-reserve model suggests that rainfall is the main driver of plant growth and subsequent carbon and energy reserve formation in the soil of arid and semi-arid regions. The flood pulse concept suggests that periodic flooding facilitates(More)
As an increasing number of ecosystems face departures from long standing environmental conditions under climate change, our understanding of the capacity of species to adapt will become important for directing conservation and management of biodiversity. Insights into the potential for genetic adaptation might be gained by assessing genomic signatures of(More)
Several closely related, xylanolytic, thermophilic bacilli were isolated from local soils on xylose-containing minimal medium. On the basis of morphology and biochemical characteristics, one of the isolates, designated strain S1812T (T = type strain), was studied further. Strain S1812T was a xylanolytic, sporulating, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium. Its(More)
We compared the relative values of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) for profiling fungal communities in wastewater treatment plants using both ITS and 18S rRNA gene fragments as phylogenetic markers. A similar number of fungal ribotypes was obtained with both methods for the same(More)
Willows (Salix spp.) are listed as a weed of national significance in Australia. Despite this recognition, functional effects of willows on streams compared to native species are largely unknown. Leaves supply carbon to instream food webs, but may also act as surfaces for biofilm, and thus can contribute in different ways to stream metabolism. Salix(More)
The increased incidence of severe hypoxic ‘blackwater’ (high dissolved organic carbon, DOC) events as a consequence of river regulation and other river management practices poses a threat to the management of many river-floodplain systems. However, there is still a lack of fundamental knowledge regarding the effects of hypoxic blackwater events on the(More)
Organic carbon is a critical component of aquatic systems, providing energy storage and transfer between organisms. Fungi are a major decomposer group in the aquatic carbon cycle, and are one of few groups thought to be capable of breaking down woody (lignified) tissue. In this work we have used high spatial resolution (synchrotron light source) infrared(More)