Gavin L Sacks

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UNLABELLED The disruption of plant cell walls during fruit juice processing results in the enzymatic formation of herbaceous-smelling green leaf volatiles (GLVs). Our objective was to assess the impact of thermal processing conditions on resulting levels of GLVs (hexanal, trans-2-hexenal, hexanol, cis-3-hexenol, and trans-2-hexenol), total phenols,(More)
Trace elemental speciation in complex, real-world matrixes is a daunting task because of the low concentration of metals/metalloids and the correspondingly high molecular chemical noise. We constructed a liquid chromatography parallel elemental and molecular mass spectrometry (PEMMS) system and evaluated the use of peak elution profiles to identify trace(More)
The effects of light exposure on 3-isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (IBMP) accumulation and degradation in Vitis vinifera L. cv. Cabernet Franc berries were assessed by comparison of shaded and exposed clusters within the same vine throughout a growing season. Twenty-seven vines were shoot-thinned to create regions of high and low cluster-light exposure within(More)
15N/14N isotope ratios are widely used to study processes and systems involving amino acids. Nitrogen isotope fractionation in biological processes occurs primarily at sites of bond-breaking and formation; the finest discrimination for "isotopic fingerprinting" and studies of isotopic fluxes is thus obtained at the position-specific level. While there are(More)
We describe an optimized protocol for analysis of the herbaceous smelling 3-alkyl-2-methoxypyrazines (MPs) in whole berries that predicts MPs in resultant red wines. Berries are homogenized by bead-milling with a deuterated standard prior to headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and quantification by two-dimensional gas chromatography(More)
Marker-assisted selection (MAS) is often employed in crop breeding programs to accelerate and enhance cultivar development, via selection during the juvenile phase and parental selection prior to crossing. Next-generation sequencing and its derivative technologies have been used for genome-wide molecular marker discovery. To bridge the gap between marker(More)
Although they possess significant viticultural advantages, interspecific hybrid grapes (Vitis spp.) are reported to produce wine with lower tannin concentrations than European wine varieties (Vitis vinifera). However, extensive quantitative data on this phenomenon as well as mechanistic explanations for these differences are lacking. A survey of primarily(More)
1,1,6-Trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (TDN) is well-known to contribute "petrol" aromas to aged Riesling wines, but its prevalence and contribution to young Riesling or non-Riesling wines is not well understood. TDN concentrations were measured in 1-3-year-old varietal wines produced from Cabernet franc (n = 14 wines), Chardonnay (17), Cabernet Sauvignon(More)
We report here the first coupling of fast GC to IRMS, in a system capable of 250 ms peak widths (fwhm) at 1 mL/min flow rates, one-fifth as narrow as any previously reported GCC-IRMS system. We developed an optimized postcolumn interface that results in minimal peak broadening, using a programmable temperature vaporization injector in place of a rotary(More)
The color of Concord grape juice produced by concentration before cold-stabilization and detartration (direct-to-concentrate, DTC) was compared to juice produced via cold-stabilization prior to concentration (standard concentrate, SC) and evaluated by several metrics. Using the Boulton copigmentation assay, the majority of the absorbance at 520 nm in(More)