Gavin J. Blackburn

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The rapid, accurate and non-invasive diagnosis of respiratory disease represents a challenge to clinicians, and the development of new treatments can be confounded by insufficient knowledge of lung disease phenotypes. Exhaled breath contains a complex mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), some of which could potentially represent biomarkers for lung(More)
In this study, we assessed three liquid chromatographic platforms: reversed phase (RP), aqueous normal phase (ANP), and hydrophilic interaction (HILIC) for the analysis of polar metabolite standard mixtures and for their coverage of urinary metabolites. The two zwitterionic HILIC columns showed high-quality chromatographic performance for metabolite(More)
Lipidome profile of fluids and tissues is a growing field as the role of lipids as signaling molecules is increasingly understood, relying on an effective and representative extraction of the lipids present. A number of solvent systems suitable for lipid extraction are commonly in use, though no comprehensive investigation of their effectiveness across(More)
Phospoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) is absent from humans but encoded in the Plasmodium falciparum genome, suggesting that PEPC has a parasite-specific function. To investigate its importance in P. falciparum, we generated a pepc null mutant (D10(Δpepc) ), which was only achievable when malate, a reduction product of oxaloacetate, was added to the growth(More)
Classical xanthinuria is a rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by either isolated xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) deficiency (type I) or combined XDH and aldehyde oxidase (AO) deficiency (type II). XDH and AO are evolutionary related enzymes that share a sulfurated molybdopterin cofactor. While the role of XDH in purine metabolism is well established, the(More)
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated highly heterogeneous skin disease in which genetic as well as environmental factors play important roles. In spite of the local manifestations of the disease, psoriasis may progress to affect organs deeper than the skin. These effects are documented by epidemiological studies, but they are not yet mechanistically understood.(More)
BACKGROUND Confounding factors in the analysis of human breath by thermal desorption GC-MS are reviewed, with special emphasis on the high water levels encountered in human breath samples. RESULTS Multilinear regression optimization of breath sampling factors, along with the selection of ubiquitous sample components used as retention-time standards,(More)
A thermal desorption unit has been interfaced to an electrospray ionization-ion mobility-time-of-flight mass spectrometer. The interface was evaluated using a mixture of six model volatile organic compounds which showed detection limits of <1 ng sample loaded onto a thermal desorption tube packed with Tenax, equivalent to sampled concentrations of 4 microg(More)
Aerobic exercise, in spite of its multi-organ benefit and potent effect on the metabolome, has yet to be investigated comprehensively via an untargeted metabolomics technology. We conducted an exploratory untargeted liquid chromatography mass spectrometry study to investigate the effects of a one-h aerobic exercise session in the urine of three physically(More)
The chromatographic isolation and characterisation of the four compounds present in the quaternary phenanthridine veterinary trypanocidal agent, isometamidium chloride hydrochloride (ISM), is reported. The isolated compounds were unambiguously characterised using spectroscopic (NMR, UV, IR and MS) methods as(More)