Gavin H Watkins

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Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is a zoonotic disease that can have serious consequences for cattle farming and, potentially, for public health. In Britain, failure to control bovine TB has been linked to persistent infection of European badger (Meles meles) populations. However, culling of badgers in the vicinity of recent TB outbreaks in cattle has failed to(More)
The Randomized Badger Culling Trial (RBCT) began in 1998 to determine the impact of badger culling in controlling bovine tuberculosis in cattle. A total of 1166 badgers (14% of total) proactively culled during the RBCT were found to be tuberculous, offering a unique opportunity to study the pathology caused by Mycobacterium bovis in a large sample of(More)
Between October 2005 and May 2006, a total of 727 badgers found dead in Wales were reported, and 550 were delivered to the Regional Laboratories of the Veterinary Laboratories Agency (VLA). Of the 459 carcasses suitable for examination, 55 were deemed to be infected with Mycobacterium bovis on the basis of culture, spoligotyping, and variable-number tandem(More)
The prevalence, aetiology and epidemiological features of subclinical mastitis were investigated in 358 lowland ewes in seven flocks in southern England. Milk samples (2092) were collected at 3-weekly intervals; those which were both bacteriologically and Whiteside test positive were deemed to have originated from glands with subclinical mastitis. The(More)
In a survey, 457 badgers that had been found dead in Wales were postmortem-examined, and samples were examined by histology and by extended culture (for up to 12 weeks). Mycobacterium bovis was cultured from 55 badgers (12.0 per cent), and the histology typical of M bovis infection was seen in a further six (1.3 per cent). The prevalence in badgers in each(More)
Intense bombardment of the moon and terrestrial planets approximately 3.9-4.0 x 10(9) years ago could have caused the chemical reprocessing of the Earth's primitive atmosphere. In particular, the shock heating and rapid quenching caused by the impact of large bodies into the atmosphere could produce molecules such as HCN and H2CO4 which are important(More)
would be determined not only by the production, but also by the (hydrolytic) destruction rate of polyphosphate before it could reach the deep ocean. A detailed discussion has to take into account the following considerations (8), among others: Phosphate would condense out of rock vapor after much of the silicate had condensed. So, rock rain would(More)
An isolate of Pasteurella haemolytica (A9), which consistently produced severe mastitis in ewes, was inoculated into the lactating mammary glands of a variety of species. Mastitis did not develop after the inoculation of log-phase bacteria into the mammary gland of lactating mice, rats, rabbits or sows but did so in the mammary gland of two cows. Another A9(More)