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Concentrations of dissolved metals (Cd, Cu, Ni, Mn and Zn) were determined for summer and winter, under low-flow conditions in Port Jackson, a microtidal, well-mixed estuary in south-east Australia. Mean concentrations of Cd (0.04+/-0.02 microg/l), Ni (0.86+/-0.40 microg/l), Mn (20.0+/-25 microg/l) and Zn (6.47+/-2.0 microg/l) were below water quality(More)
The bioavailability of four sediment-spiked hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs; chrysene, benzo[a]pyrene, chlordane, and Aroclor 1254) was investigated by comparing bioaccumulation by the amphipod Corophium colo with uptake into a thin film of ethylene/vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer. The EVA thin film is a solid-phase extraction medium previously(More)
The uptake and release of 109Cd, 51Cr, 60Co, 59Fe, 54Mn, and 65Zn were studied using end-member waters and particles from Port Jackson estuary, Australia. The kinetics of adsorption and desorption were studied as a function of suspended particulate matter (SPM) loading and salinity. Batch experiments showed that the position and slope of the pH edges are(More)
The efficiency of a Stormwater Infiltration Basin (SIB) to remove contaminants from urban stormwater was assessed in the current investigation. The SIB, installed in an urban suburb in eastern Sydney (Australia), was monitored over seven rainfall events to assess the removal efficiency of the remedial device for total suspended solids (TSS), nutrients (TP,(More)
Human pancreatic growth hormone releasing factors (hpGRF(1-40) and hpGRF(1-44) significantly stimulated GH secretion when added to cell cultures of human somatotrophic pituitary tumours for 2 h. There was little difference in potency between the two peptides, and the response of different tumours varied, ranging from 30% to 500% increases in GH secretion(More)
Mangrove sediment has long been recognized as being important in restricting the mobility of contaminants in estuarine environments. To investigate the role of rhizosphere processes in the accumulation of trace metals in mangrove fine nutritive roots, the mangrove sediments and associated fine nutritive roots are collected from five major embayments of(More)
Sydney estuary (Australia) catchment is substantially urbanised (80%) and small (480 km2) with a large population (2.5 million) and is therefore highly sensitive to anthropogenic influence. The Model for Urban Stormwater Improvement Conceptualisation used to model nutrient export to the estuary determined an average annual load of 475 t total nitrogen, 63.5(More)
Uncertainty associated with data derived by the analyses of heavy metals in aquatic sediment is due to variance produced in the laboratory (precision), plus 'natural', small-scale spatial variance, (or field variance) at the sampling site. Precision is easily determined and is usually reported in contaminant studies, but field variance is poorly understood(More)
In the current study we examined the effects of metal contamination on the protein complement of Sydney Rock oysters. Saccostrea glomerata were exposed for 4 days to three environmentally relevant concentrations (100 μg/l, 50 μg/l and 5 μg/l) of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc. Protein abundances in oyster haemolymph from metal-exposed oysters were compared(More)
An integrated selective extraction and size normalisation procedure for use in metal partitioning and diagenetic studies of anoxic sediments and soils is presented. Data obtained by this procedure can readily be combined with other primary data (e.g. sulfur concentrations, carbonate concentrations, cation exchange capacity, etc.) and derived parameters(More)