Gavin F. Birch

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As in most large capital cities, urban stormwater discharging into Port Jackson (Sydney) is highly enriched in a wide range of contaminants, which has resulted in degradation of the receiving basin waters and bottom sediments. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the removal efficiency of contaminants in urban stormwater by a wetland(More)
Concentrations of dissolved metals (Cd, Cu, Ni, Mn and Zn) were determined for summer and winter, under low-flow conditions in Port Jackson, a microtidal, well-mixed estuary in south-east Australia. Mean concentrations of Cd (0.04+/-0.02 microg/l), Ni (0.86+/-0.40 microg/l), Mn (20.0+/-25 microg/l) and Zn (6.47+/-2.0 microg/l) were below water quality(More)
Uncertainty associated with data derived by the analyses of heavy metals in aquatic sediment is due to variance produced in the laboratory (precision), plus 'natural', small-scale spatial variance, (or field variance) at the sampling site. Precision is easily determined and is usually reported in contaminant studies, but field variance is poorly understood(More)
In the current study we examined the effects of metal contamination on the protein complement of Sydney Rock oysters. Saccostrea glomerata were exposed for 4 days to three environmentally relevant concentrations (100 μg/l, 50 μg/l and 5 μg/l) of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc. Protein abundances in oyster haemolymph from metal-exposed oysters were compared(More)
Trace metal export by stormwater runoff from a major road and local street in urban Sydney, Australia, is compared using pollutant yield rating curves derived from intensive sampling data. The event loads of copper, lead and zinc are well approximated by logarithmic relationships with respect to total event discharge owing to the reliable appearance of a(More)
Stormwater modelling indicated an average annual discharge from Sydney estuary catchment of 215,300 mL and loadings of 0.8, 0.5, 1.7, 3.2, 1.1, 3.6 and 17.7 tonnes for As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn, respectively. Priority for remediation should be given to creeks with high-metal loads in the upper and central estuary, as well as discharging to the western(More)
Mangrove sediment has long been recognized as being important in restricting the mobility of contaminants in estuarine environments. To investigate the role of rhizosphere processes in the accumulation of trace metals in mangrove fine nutritive roots, the mangrove sediments and associated fine nutritive roots are collected from five major embayments of(More)
The uptake and release of 109Cd, 51Cr, 60Co, 59Fe, 54Mn, and 65Zn were studied using end-member waters and particles from Port Jackson estuary, Australia. The kinetics of adsorption and desorption were studied as a function of suspended particulate matter (SPM) loading and salinity. Batch experiments showed that the position and slope of the pH edges are(More)
Spatial variations in concentrations of a suite of potentially toxic metals (Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) and Ca in road dusts (n=99) from urban trunk roads (TR) in Nanjing, a mega-city in China, were established. Metal pollution levels, sources and human health risk (non-carcinogenic) were studied. In contrast to previous studies, we labeled the(More)
Human pancreatic growth hormone releasing factors (hpGRF(1-40) and hpGRF(1-44) significantly stimulated GH secretion when added to cell cultures of human somatotrophic pituitary tumours for 2 h. There was little difference in potency between the two peptides, and the response of different tumours varied, ranging from 30% to 500% increases in GH secretion(More)