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Male Lister hooded rats were raised from weaning either alone (isolation reared) or in groups of five (socially reared controls). At 5 months of age, bilateral guide cannulae were implanted within the nucleus accumbens, and experiments began. The effect of isolation rearing upon the reinforcing efficacy of the intravenous self-administration of cocaine(More)
Dopaminergic cell bodies located within the ventral mesencephalon innervate the amygdaloid complex, a region critically involved in the attribution of affective significance to environmental stimuli. Recently, we have shown that post-session intra-amygdala administration of a D3 dopamine receptor agonist enhances selectively the acquisition of an appetitive(More)
The behavioural response to psychomotor stimulants is augmented with repeated exposure to these drugs. Enhanced stimulated dopamine overflow within the nucleus accumbens and amygdala has been found to accompany this behavioural sensitization. In the present experiment, rats received 2 mg/kg d-amphetamine or 1 ml/kg physiological saline once per day for 5(More)
We have shown that prior repeated exposure to d-amphetamine facilitates appetitive Pavlovian conditioning. However, animals sensitised in this manner also show elevated levels of stimulated activity. To investigate whether enhanced conditioning was dependent upon increased activity, a conditioned inhibition task was employed in the present study. Rats(More)
Male Lister hooded rats were raised from weaning either alone (isolation reared) or in groups of five (socially reared controls). At 5 months of age, experiments began. Experiment 1 examined the effect of isolation rearing upon the locomotor response to a novel environment, and the locomotor stimulant effect of an injection of cocaine (10 mg/kg). Isolation(More)
The dopaminergic response to d-amphetamine with or without prior repeated experience with the drug was investigated immunohistochemically in key target regions of the mesotelencephalic dopamine system using antibodies raised against glutaraldehyde-conjugated dopamine. This methodology permitted the unambiguous determination of dopaminergic activity within(More)
These experiments examined the role of dopamine-opiate interactions in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and nucleus accumbens in the mediation of reinforcement-related behaviour. It has been shown previously that opiates induce a dopamine-dependent increase in locomotor activity in rats when infused into the VTA, and a dopamine-independent hyperactivity(More)
This study examined the role of the mesoamygdaloid dopamine projection in stimulus-reward learning. Bilateral post-session intra-amygdala microinjections of d-amphetamine were carried out in rats during training in a discriminative approach task known to be sensitive to experimental manipulations of the amygdala. The experiment consisted of two phases:(More)
We have previously obtained evidence that the mesoamygdaloid dopamine projection modulates the acquisition of a conditioned response (CR) elicited by presentation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) predicting the availability of a natural (sucrose) reward. This property was found to be dependent upon D3, but not D1 or D2, dopamine receptor activation. The aim(More)
The mesoaccumbens dopamine pathway exhibits an enhanced dopaminergic response to a challenge injection of d-amphetamine or cocaine after repeated intermittent exposure to that drug. Much research has focused on the potential role of this sensitised response in the enhanced propensity of drug-associated stimuli to elicit relapse. However, the amygdala is(More)