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This paper describes a method, which combines optical trapping and microfluidic-based droplet generation, for selectively and controllably encapsulating a single target cell or subcellular structure, such as a mitochondrion, into a picoliter- or femtoliter-volume aqueous droplet that is surrounded by an immiscible phase. Once the selected cell or organelle(More)
Single-cell nanosurgery and the ability to manipulate nanometer-sized subcellular structures with optical tweezers has widespread applications in biology but so far has been limited by difficulties in maintaining the functionality of the transported subcellular organelles. This difficulty arises because of the propensity of optical tweezers to photodamage(More)
As a fundamental property of light, the angular momentum of photons has been of great interest. Here, we demonstrate that optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion can occur in a homogeneous and isotropic medium. This Letter presents both theoretical and experimental studies of this conversion in a tightly focused beam and shows that the orbital(More)
This paper describes the use of an optical vortex trap for the transport and fusion of single femtoliter-volume aqueous droplets. Individual droplets were generated by emulsifying water in acetophenone with SPAN 80 surfactant. We demonstrate the ability of optical vortex traps to position trapped droplets precisely while excluding surrounding aqueous(More)
This paper describes a fluidic and optical platform for the generation and manipulation of single femtoliter-volume aqueous droplets. Individual droplets were generated on-demand using a microfluidic chamber that confers environmental flow stability. Optical vortex traps were implemented to manipulate and transport the generated droplets, which have a lower(More)
Microfluidics has emerged as a powerful laboratory toolbox for biologists, allowing manipulation and analysis of processes at a cellular and sub-cellular level, through utilization of microfabricated features at size-scales relevant to that of a single cell. In the majority of microfluidic devices, sample processing and analysis occur within closed(More)
As microfluidic systems transition from research tools to disposable clinical-diagnostic devices, new substrate materials are needed to meet both the regulatory requirement as well as the economics of disposable devices. This paper introduces a UV-curable polyurethane-methacrylate (PUMA) substrate that has been qualified for medical use and meets all of the(More)
This paper describes a microfluidic platform for the on-demand generation of multiple aqueous droplets, with varying chemical contents or chemical concentrations, for use in droplet based experiments. This generation technique was developed as a complement to existing techniques of continuous-flow (streaming) and discrete-droplet generation by enabling the(More)
We report a novel method for the measurement of lipid nanotube radii. Membrane translocation is monitored between two nanotube-connected vesicles, during the expansion of a receiving vesicle, by observing a photobleached region of the nanotube. We elucidate nanotube radii, extracted from SPE vesicles, enabling quantification of membrane composition and(More)