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Members of the ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) family are known to influence development, angiogenesis, coagulation and progression of arthritis. As proteinases their substrates include the von Willebrand factor precursor and extracellular matrix components such as procollagen, hyalectans (hyaluronan-binding(More)
OBJECTIVE To profile the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression for the 23 known genes of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), 19 genes of ADAMTS, 4 genes of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and ADAM genes 8, 10, 12, and 17 in normal, painful, and ruptured Achilles tendons. METHODS Tendon samples were obtained from cadavers or from patients(More)
The interaction of heparan sulfate (HS) with specific proteins facilitates a wide range of fundamental biological processes including cellular proliferation and differentiation, tissue homeostasis, and viral pathogenesis. This multiplicity of function arises through sequence diversity within the HS chain. Heparin, which is very similar in structure to the(More)
Three mammalian ADAMTS enzymes, ADAMTS-1, -4 and -5, are known to cleave aggrecan at certain glutamyl bonds and are considered to be largely responsible for cartilage aggrecan catabolism observed during the development of arthritis. We have previously reported that certain catechins, polyphenolic compounds found in highest concentration in green tea(More)
Synovial (diarthrodial) joints are employed within the body to provide skeletal mobility and have a characteristic structure adapted to provide a smooth almost frictionless surface for articulation. Pathologies of the synovial joint are an important cause of patient morbidity and can affect each of the constituent tissues. A common feature of these(More)
Substitution at the 7-position of the chromen-4-one pharmacophore of 8-(dibenzo[b,d]thiophen-4-yl)-2-morpholino-4H-chromen-4-one NU7441, a potent and selective DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) inhibitor, with allyl, n-propyl or methyl enabled the resolution by chiral HPLC of atropisomers. Biological evaluation against DNA-PK of each pair of(More)
ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) proteinases have been implicated in a number of connective tissue pathologies including Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VII C, Weill-Marchesani syndrome, encephalomyelitis, and arthritis. These proteinases therefore represent potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of such(More)
Tendinopathies are a range of diseases characterised by degeneration and chronic tendon pain and represent a significant cause of morbidity. Relatively little is known about the underlying mechanisms; however onset is often associated with physical activity. A number of molecular changes have been documented in tendinopathy such as a decrease in overall(More)
A potent VEGF inhibitor with novel antibody architecture and antigen binding mode has been developed. The molecule, hereafter referred to as VEGF dual dAb (domain antibody), was evaluated in vitro for binding to VEGF and for potency in VEGF-driven models and compared with other anti-VEGF biologics that have been used in ocular anti-angiogenic therapeutic(More)
Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. ABSTRACT This paper describes a(More)