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Chronic systemic inflammatory conditions, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and obesity are associated with increased risk of stroke, which suggests that systemic inflammation may contribute to the development of stroke in humans. The hypothesis that systemic inflammation may induce brain pathology can be tested in animals, and this was the key objective of(More)
PURPOSE Neuroinflammation is involved in several brain disorders and can be monitored through expression of the translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) on activated microglia. In recent years, several new PET radioligands for TSPO have been evaluated in disease models. [(18)F]DPA-714 is a TSPO radiotracer with great promise; however results vary between(More)
The purpose of this research was to quantitate and confirm the mechanism of in vivo metabolic activation of temozolomide. The secondary aims were to evaluate the tumor, normal tissue, and plasma pharmacokinetics of temozolomide in vivo, and to determine whether such pharmacokinetics resulted in tumor targeting. [(11)C]temozolomide kinetics were studied in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate tumor, normal tissue, and plasma pharmacokinetics of N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (DACA). The study aimed to determine the pharmacokinetics of carbon-11-labeled DACA ([11C]DACA) and evaluate the effect of pharmacologic doses of DACA on radiotracer kinetics. PATIENTS AND METHODS [11C]DACA (at 1/1,000 phase I starting(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is deregulated in a range of cancers, and several targeted inhibitors are entering the clinic. This study aimed to investigate whether the positron emission tomography tracer 3'-deoxy-3'-[(18)F]fluorothymidine ([(18)F]-FLT) is suitable to mark the effect of the novel PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941, which has entered(More)
BACKGROUND Impulsive aggression (IA) in adults is associated with brain serotonin (5-HT) system abnormalities and is more common following childhood adversity. Within aggressive behavior, IA and callous unemotional (CU) traits are core components of differentiable factors with opposing 5-HT abnormalities. We aimed to investigate 5-HT abnormalities in IA and(More)
Purpose: Neuroinflammation is involved in several brain disorders and can be monitored through expression of the translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) on activated microglia. In recent years, several new PET radioligands for TSPO have been evaluated in disease models. [F]DPA-714 is a TSPO radiotracer with great promise; however results vary between different(More)
8-Carbamoyl-3-methylimidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H)-one (temozolomide, 1) is an anticancer prodrug. As part of investigations to probe its postulated mode of action using PET we have developed two rapid radiosynthetic routes for the preparation of temozolomide labeled with the short-lived positron emitter, carbon-11 (t(1/2) = 20.4 min). Reaction of(More)
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) has the potential to improve efficacy of established and novel cancer therapies and to assist more rapid and rational progression of promising novel therapies into the clinic. This is due to PET's unrivalled sensitivity and ability to monitor the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs and biochemicals radiolabelled(More)