Gavin Andrews

Learn More
BACKGROUND A 10-question screening scale of psychological distress and a six-question short-form scale embedded within the 10-question scale were developed for the redesigned US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). METHODS Initial pilot questions were administered in a US national mail survey (N = 1401). A reduced set of questions was subsequently(More)
The Composite International Diagnostic Interview, or CIDI, is a fully structured interview that maps the symptoms elicited during the interview onto DSM-IV and ICD-10 diagnostic criteria and reports whether the diagnostic criteria are satisfied – nothing more, nothing less. The inter-rater reliability has been demonstrated to be excellent, the test-retest(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide normative data on the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10), a scale that is being increasingly used for clinical and epidemiological purposes. METHOD The National Survey of Mental Health And Well-Being was used to provide normative comparative data on symptoms, disability, service utilisation and diagnosis for the range of(More)
BACKGROUND Health planning should be based on data about prevalence, disability and services used. AIMS To determine the prevalence of ICD-10 disorders and associated comorbidity, disability and service utilisation. METHOD We surveyed a national probability sample of Australian households using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and other(More)
BACKGROUND Depression and anxiety disorders are common and treatable with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), but access to this therapy is limited. OBJECTIVE Review evidence that computerized CBT for the anxiety and depressive disorders is acceptable to patients and effective in the short and longer term. METHOD Systematic reviews and data bases were(More)
The Defense Style Questionnaire has proven of interest as the first questionnaire to reliably describe defense styles. The 72-item DSM-III-R-labeled Defense Style Questionnaire was administered to 388 controls and 324 patients. Eight statistical and two a priori criteria were used in choosing two items to represent each of the 20 defenses. A new 40-item(More)
The research literature on stuttering is extensive, spanning etiology, natural history, phenomenology, and treatment. In this review, existing empirical knowledge is distilled by attending only to replicated findings. These are designated as "facts." Facts concerning the natural history of idiopathic stuttering highlight early childhood onset, probability(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a description of the methods and key findings of the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. METHOD A national face-to-face household survey of 8841 (60% response rate) community residents aged between 16 and 85 years was carried out using the World Mental Health Survey Initiative version of the Composite(More)
BACKGROUND Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has been shown to be effective when guided by a clinician. The present study sought to replicate this finding, and determine whether support from a technician is as effective as guidance from a clinician. METHOD Randomized controlled non-inferiority trial(More)
BACKGROUND Two new screening scales for psychological distress, the K6 and K10, have been developed but their relative efficiency has not been evaluated in comparison with existing scales. METHOD The Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being, a nationally representative household survey, administered the WHO Composite International(More)