Gautam Chaudhuri

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The objective of this study was to determine whether nitric oxide (NO) is responsible for the vascular smooth muscle relaxation elicited by endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). EDRF is an unstable humoral substance released from artery and vein that mediates the action of endothelium-dependent vasodilators. NO is an unstable endothelium-independent(More)
Estradiol is known to exert a protective effect against the development of atherosclerosis, but the mechanism of this hormonal action is unknown. One of the early events in the development of atherosclerosis is the adhesion of macrophages to endothelial cells, and nitric oxide (NO) inhibits this process. We show that basal release of NO is greater with(More)
When cultured in vitro, peritoneal macrophages, obtained from mice previously inoculated with bacillus Calmette-Guérin, release nitric oxide, which is cytostatic and/or cytolytic for tumor cells. However, it is not known whether nitric oxide has antitumor effects in vivo. Here we demonstrate that nitric oxide is an important mediator of host resistance to(More)
L-Arginine is the common substrate for two enzymes, arginase and nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Arginase converts L-arginine to L-ornithine, which is the precursor of polyamines, which are essential components of cell proliferation. NOS converts L-arginine to produce NO, which inhibits proliferation of many cell lines. Various human breast cancer cell lines(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether aromatase and 5alpha-reductase mRNAs are expressed in human vagina and to evaluate the presence of androgen receptors in human vaginal tissue based on age and menopausal status. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Specimens obtained from clinical renal urology practice. PATIENT(S) Premenopausal and postmenopausal women(More)
The endothelial cells of the human umbilical artery and vein release the vasodilators prostacyclin [prostaglandin (PG) I2] and nitric oxide (NO). However, the role of these two substances in the maintenance of vasodilator tone in the feto-placental circulation is not known. Studies were therefore undertaken to compare the relative release of PGI2 and NO(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a molecule that has been shown to be involved in a diverse array of physiological events. A variety of disease states and disorders are, in fact, due to either an over- or an underproduction of NO. As a result of the ubiquity and diversity of NO-mediated phenomenon, pharmacological manipulation is difficult. NO biosynthesis is the(More)
The differential sensitivity following the administration of delta 9-THC to 3 mouse strains, C57BL/6, DBA/2 and ICR mice, indicated that some of the neurobehavioral changes may be attributable to genetic differences. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which the cannabinoid (CB1) receptor is involved in the observed behavioral changes(More)
The effects of testosterone on early atherogenesis and the role of aromatase, an enzyme that converts testosterone to estrogens, were assessed in low density lipoprotein receptor-deficient male mice fed a Western diet. Castration of male mice increased the extent of fatty streak lesion formation in the aortic origin compared with testes-intact animals.(More)
We assessed the catalase bioactivity and hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) production rate in human breast cancer (HBC) cell lines and compared these with normal human breast epithelial (HBE) cells. We observed that the bioactivity of catalase was decreased in HBC cells when compared with HBE cells. This was also accompanied by an increase in H₂O₂ steady-state(More)