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The objective of this study was to determine whether nitric oxide (NO) is responsible for the vascular smooth muscle relaxation elicited by endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). EDRF is an unstable humoral substance released from artery and vein that mediates the action of endothelium-dependent vasodilators. NO is an unstable endothelium-independent(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a molecule that has been shown to be involved in a diverse array of physiological events. A variety of disease states and disorders are, in fact, due to either an over- or an underproduction of NO. As a result of the ubiquity and diversity of NO-mediated phenomenon, pharmacological manipulation is difficult. NO biosynthesis is the(More)
We previously reported that testosterone attenuated atherogenesis in LDLR(-/-) male mice, and that this effect of testosterone was most likely caused by its conversion to estradiol. Estradiol inhibits vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression, and expression of VCAM-1 is one of the early events in atherogenesis. We assessed the cellular(More)
DETA-NONOate, a nitric oxide (NO) donor, induced cytostasis in the human breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231, and the cells were arrested in the G(1) phase of the cell cycle. This cytostatic effect of the NO donor was associated with the down-regulation of cyclin D1 and hypophosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein. No changes in the levels of cyclin E or(More)
The principal objective of this study was to elucidate the influence of superoxide anion on both endothelium-dependent arterial relaxation elicited by acetylcholine and endothelium-independent arterial relaxation produced by nitric oxide (NO). Pyrogallol was used to generate superoxide in the oxygenated bathing medium, and superoxide dismutase was used to(More)
Estradiol is known to exert a protective effect against the development of atherosclerosis, but the mechanism of this hormonal action is unknown. One of the early events in the development of atherosclerosis is the adhesion of macrophages to endothelial cells, and nitric oxide (NO) inhibits this process. We show that basal release of NO is greater with(More)
The mechanism of cytotoxicity of the NO donor 3-morpholino-sydnonimine toward a human ovarian cancer cell line (OVCAR) was examined. It was found that the NO-mediated loss of cell viability was dependent on both NO and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Somewhat surprisingly, superoxide (O2) and its reaction product with NO, peroxynitrite (-OONO), did not appear to(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen improves endothelial function in the coronary conduit vessels of animals; however, its effects on the coronary microcirculation have not been studied completely in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS We measured myocardial blood flow (MBF) with a PET scan at rest, during cold pressor testing (CPT), and during dipyridamole hyperemia in 54(More)
When cultured in vitro, peritoneal macrophages, obtained from mice previously inoculated with bacillus Calmette-Guérin, release nitric oxide, which is cytostatic and/or cytolytic for tumor cells. However, it is not known whether nitric oxide has antitumor effects in vivo. Here we demonstrate that nitric oxide is an important mediator of host resistance to(More)
Cannabinoids are the constituents of the marijuana plant (cannabis sativa) of which the major active ingredient is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC). Rapid progress has been achieved in marijuana research in the last five years than in the thousands of years that marijuana has been used in human history. For many decades therefore, research on the(More)