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A variety of recent studies suggest a role for both inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and apoptosis in ischemic brain injury. Because IL-1 beta converting enzyme (ICE) is required for the conversion of proIL-1 beta to its biologically active form, and has homology with proteins that regulate apoptosis in invertebrates, we(More)
In order to study the biological activities of tea preparations and purified tea polyphenols, their growth inhibitory effects were investigated using four human cancer cell lines. Growth inhibition was measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation after 48 h of treatment. The green tea catechins (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC)(More)
The inhibitory action of tea (Camellia sinensis) and tea components against cancer formation has been demonstrated in different animal models involving different organ sites in many laboratories. The possible preventive activity of tea against cancer in humans, however, is not clear. A critical question is whether the information obtained from animal(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is a pleiotrophic cytokine with diverse proinflammatory actions. Focal cerebral ischemia induces rapid and dramatic increases in TNFalpha levels within and surrounding the focus of damaged brain both in striatum and cortex. The actions of TNFalpha during cerebral ischemia may be related to the cell types which deliver(More)
The biological activities of theaflavin (TF), theaflavin gallate (TFG) and theaflavin digallate (TFdiG) from black tea and (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) and (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC) from green tea were investigated using SV40-immortalized (33BES) and Ha-ras gene transformed (21BES) human bronchial epithelial cell lines. Growth inhibition and cell(More)
UNLABELLED Background and Purpose-Chemokines have been shown to play an important role in leukocyte and monocyte/macrophage infiltration into ischemic regions. The purpose of this study is to identify whether overexpression of the active human transforming growth factor-ss1 (ahTGF-ss1) can downregulate expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1(More)
Gastric cancer is a very challenging malignancy given that it presents late, has complex pathogenetic mechanisms with multiple carcinogenic processes implicated, and is only moderately sensitive to chemotherapy and radiation. Accurate staging for gastric cancer is possible with the availability of sophisticated imaging studies, endoscopic ultrasound, and(More)
To understand the relationship between tea consumption and its biological effects, plasma and tissue levels of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), and (-)-epicatechin (EC) were measured after rats and mice were given a 0.6% green tea polyphenol preparation as the drinking fluid for different periods of time. EGC and EC levels(More)
Focal cerebral ischemia elicits an inflammatory response characterized by the infiltration and accumulation of leukocytes, as well as the secretion of inflammatory mediators (Clark et al., Brain Res. Bull., 35 (1994) 387-392; Garcia et al., Am. J. Pathol., 144 (1994) 188-199; Wang et al., J. Neurochem. 71 (1998) 1194-1204). Leukocytes eliminate microbial(More)
There have been few investigations of brain edema formation after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), despite the fact that mass effect and edema are important clinical complications. The present study was designed to investigate the time course for the formation and resolution of brain edema and to determine how changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and(More)