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Directed movement is a characteristic of many living organisms and occurs as a result of the transformation of chemical energy into mechanical energy. Myosin is one of three families of molecular motors that are responsible for cellular motility. The three-dimensional structure of the head portion of myosin, or subfragment-1, which contains both the actin(More)
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase catalyzes the production of carbamoyl phosphate from bicarbonate, glutamine, and two molecules of MgATP. As isolated from Escherichia coli, the enzyme has a total molecular weight of approximately 160K and consists of two polypeptide chains referred to as the large and small subunits. Here we describe the X-ray crystal(More)
The soil-dwelling microbe, Pseudomonas sp. strain CBS-3, has attracted recent attention due to its ability to survive on 4-chlorobenzoate as its sole carbon source. The biochemical pathway by which this organism converts 4-chlorobenzoate to 4-hydroxybenzoate consists of three enzymes: 4-chlorobenzoyl-CoA ligase, 4-chlorobenzoyl-CoA dehalogenase, and(More)
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) catalyzes the production of carbamoyl phosphate which is subsequently employed in the metabolic pathways responsible for the synthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides or arginine. The catalytic mechanism of the enzyme occurs through three highly reactive intermediates: carboxyphosphate, ammonia, and carbamate. As isolated from(More)
Here we describe the three-dimensional structure of 4-chlorobenzoyl-CoA dehalogenase from Pseudomonas sp. strain CBS-3. This enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of 4-chlorobenzoyl-CoA to 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA. The molecular structure of the enzyme/4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA complex was solved by the techniques of multiple isomorphous replacement, solvent flattening,(More)
The three-dimensional structure of an apolipoprotein isolated from the African migratory locust Locusta migratoria has been determined by X-ray analysis to a resolution of 2.5 A. The overall molecular architecture of this protein consists of five long alpha-helices connected by short loops. As predicted from amino acid sequence analyses, these helices are(More)
The molecular structure of the oxidized form of the [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin isolated from the cyanobacterium Anabaena species strain PCC 7120 has been determined by X-ray diffraction analysis to a nominal resolution of 2.5 A and refined to a crystallographic R factor of 18.7%. Crystals used in this investigation belong to the space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with unit(More)
UDP-galactose 4-epimerase from Escherichia coli catalyzes the interconversion of UDP-galactose and UDP-glucose through the transient reduction of the tightly bound cofactor NAD+. The enzyme is unique among the NAD+-dependent enzymes in that it promotes stereospecific reduction of the cofactor but nonstereospecific hydride return during normal catalysis. In(More)
The region surrounding a protein, known as the surface of interaction or molecular surface, can provide valuable insight into its function. Unfortunately, due to the complexity of both their geometry and their surface fields, study of these surfaces can be slow and difficult and important features may be hard to identify. Here, we describe our GRaphical(More)