Gary W. Rubloff

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The traditional motivation for integrating biological components into microfabricated devices has been to create biosensors that meld the molecular recognition capabilities of biology with the signal processing capabilities of electronic devices. However, a different motivation is emerging; biological components are being explored to radically change how(More)
The signal-guided and sequential assembly of biomolecules onto patterned surfaces is demonstrated. Readily transmittable electric signals are used to guide spatially selective deposition of the pH-responsive polysaccharide, chitosan, and functionalized chitosan conjugates, by generating localized pH gradients. The nucleophilic primary amine groups of(More)
Nanostructured devices have the potential to serve as the basis for next-generation energy systems that make use of densely packed interfaces and thin films. One approach to making such devices is to build multilayer structures of large area inside the open volume of a nanostructured template. Here, we report the use of atomic layer deposition to fabricate(More)
We report a biofunctionalization strategy for the assembly of catalytically active enzymes within a completely packaged bioMEMS device, through the programmed generation of electrical signals at spatially and temporally defined sites. The enzyme of a bacterial metabolic pathway, S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase (Pfs), is genetically fused with a(More)
The patterning of nanoparticles represents a significant obstacle in the assembly of nanoscale materials and devices. In this report, cysteine residues were genetically engineered onto the virion surface of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), providing attachment sites for fluorescent markers. To pattern these viruses, labeled virions were partially disassembled to(More)
A nucleic acid hybridization assay was assembled onto a robust and readily addressable silicon-based chip using polysaccharide chitosan as a scaffold for the covalent coupling of probe DNA to the chip's surface. Chitosan is a unique polymer, ideally suited for this application because its net charge and solubility are pH dependent. Specifically in this(More)
Center for Biosystems Research, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, 5115 Plant Sciences Building, College Park, Maryland 20742; Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, Maryland 21250; and Department of Chemical Engineering, Department of Materials and Nuclear(More)
1Departments of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, and Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia 15213, USA; 2Departments of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, and Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251, USA; 3Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,(More)
We report facile in situ biomolecule assembly at readily addressable sites in microfluidic channels after complete fabrication and packaging of the microfluidic device. Aminopolysaccharide chitosan's pH responsive and chemically reactive properties allow electric signal-guided biomolecule assembly onto conductive inorganic surfaces from the aqueous(More)
We report a new approach for microfluidic optical bioanalysis that is based on the electrically driven assembly of bio-components on a transparent sidewall and the optical detection of the assembled components using planar waveguides. This allows localized electrical signals for bio-assembly and optical signals for bio-detection that can easily be applied(More)