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PURPOSE To determine if noise damage in the organ of Corti is different in the low- and high-frequency regions of the cochlea. MATERIALS AND METHODS Chinchillas were exposed for 2 to 432 days to a 0.5 (low-frequency) or 4 kHz (high-frequency) octave band of noise at 47 to 95 dB sound pressure level. Auditory thresholds were determined before, during, and(More)
An anatomically based frequency-place map was created for the mouse using C57BL/CBA F1 hybrids by matching noise-induced lesions in the organ of Corti with permanent hearing losses as determined by auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds. Twenty-six mice developed 'notched' ABR threshold shifts after exposure to an octave band of noise with a center(More)
This study extended the findings of Ketten et al. [Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. Suppl. 175:1-16 (1998)] by estimating the three-dimensional (3D) cochlear lengths, electrode array intracochlear insertion depths, and characteristic frequency ranges for 13 more Nucleus-22 implant recipients based on in vivo computed tomography (CT) scans. Array insertion(More)
Using morphological criteria, death pathways in outer hair cells (OHCs) were determined in chinchilla organs of Corti that had been exposed to a high- or moderate-level octave band of noise (OBN) centered at either 0.5 or 4-kHz. The specimens were part of our large collection of plastic-embedded flat preparations of chinchilla cochleae. Three death pathways(More)
Recent studies in the bird ear have shown that degenerated hair cells are sometimes replaced by regenerated receptor cells. The present study evaluated the adult mammalian cochlea for evidence of hair-cell and nerve-fiber regeneration. Eighty-eight noise-damaged chinchilla cochleas were examined as plastic-embedded whole mounts by phase-contrast and(More)
The structural changes associated with noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) were compared to the damage associated with permanent threshold shift (PTS). A within-animal paradigm involving survival-fixation was used to minimize problems with data interpretation from interanimal variability in response to noise. Auditory brainstem response thresholds(More)
Cochlear implantation is the standard treatment for profound hearing loss. Preimplantation and postimplantation spiral computed tomography (CT) is essential in several key clinical and research aspects. The maximum image resolution with commercial spiral CT scanners is insufficient to define clearly anatomical features and implant electrode positions in the(More)
DPOAE temporary level shift (TLS) at 2f(1)-f(2) and f(2)-f(1), ABR temporary threshold shift (TTS), and detailed histopathological findings were compared in three groups of chinchillas that were exposed for 24 h to an octave band of noise (OBN) centered at 4 kHz with a sound pressure level (SPL) of 80, 86 or 92 dB (n=3,4,6). DPOAE levels at 39 frequencies(More)
The present study was designed to determine the response to noise of the auditory system of a genetically well-defined laboratory mouse in preparation for examining the effect of noise on mice with specific genetic mutations. The mice were C57BL/CBA F1 hybrids. Eight mice served as non-noise-exposed controls and 39 mice were exposed for 1-24 h to an octave(More)
A current-flow and current-source-density analysis of the sensory evoked response (SER) and the direct cortical response (DCR) in the somatosensory cortex of rats was performed to determine the origin of these potentials. The SER was found to originate in layers II and III, as in cats, with a single excitatory neuronal circuit component. The DCR, on the(More)