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Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (Fgfr3) is a tyrosine kinase receptor expressed in developing bone, cochlea, brain and spinal cord. Achondroplasia, the most common genetic form of dwarfism, is caused by mutations in FGFR3. Here we show that mice homozygous for a targeted disruption of Fgfr3 exhibit skeletal and inner ear defects. Skeletal defects(More)
PURPOSE To determine if noise damage in the organ of Corti is different in the low- and high-frequency regions of the cochlea. MATERIALS AND METHODS Chinchillas were exposed for 2 to 432 days to a 0.5 (low-frequency) or 4 kHz (high-frequency) octave band of noise at 47 to 95 dB sound pressure level. Auditory thresholds were determined before, during, and(More)
An anatomically based frequency-place map was created for the mouse using C57BL/CBA F1 hybrids by matching noise-induced lesions in the organ of Corti with permanent hearing losses as determined by auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds. Twenty-six mice developed 'notched' ABR threshold shifts after exposure to an octave band of noise with a center(More)
The structural changes associated with noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) were compared to the damage associated with permanent threshold shift (PTS). A within-animal paradigm involving survival-fixation was used to minimize problems with data interpretation from interanimal variability in response to noise. Auditory brainstem response thresholds(More)
To minimize problems with data interpretation due to interanimal variation in susceptibility to noise, we developed a survival-fixation paradigm which involves fixing one cochlea of an experimental chinchilla at one post-exposure time and fixing the second cochlea as much as 14-24 days later. This paradigm is analytically effective because there is a high(More)
Using morphological criteria, death pathways in outer hair cells (OHCs) were determined in chinchilla organs of Corti that had been exposed to a high- or moderate-level octave band of noise (OBN) centered at either 0.5 or 4-kHz. The specimens were part of our large collection of plastic-embedded flat preparations of chinchilla cochleae. Three death pathways(More)
The time course of events which are essential for nerve-fiber regeneration in the mammalian cochlea was determined using a group of chinchillas that had been exposed for 3.5 hr to an octave band of noise with a center frequency of 4 kHz and a sound pressure level of 108 dB. The animals recovered from 40 min (0 days) to 100 days at which times their inner(More)
This study extended the findings of Ketten et al. [Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol. Suppl. 175:1-16 (1998)] by estimating the three-dimensional (3D) cochlear lengths, electrode array intracochlear insertion depths, and characteristic frequency ranges for 13 more Nucleus-22 implant recipients based on in vivo computed tomography (CT) scans. Array insertion(More)
Cochlear implantation is the standard treatment for profound hearing loss. Preimplantation and postimplantation spiral computed tomography (CT) is essential in several key clinical and research aspects. The maximum image resolution with commercial spiral CT scanners is insufficient to define clearly anatomical features and implant electrode positions in the(More)
Recent studies in the bird ear have shown that degenerated hair cells are sometimes replaced by regenerated receptor cells. The present study evaluated the adult mammalian cochlea for evidence of hair-cell and nerve-fiber regeneration. Eighty-eight noise-damaged chinchilla cochleas were examined as plastic-embedded whole mounts by phase-contrast and(More)