Gary T. M. Henehan

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Among several lipase-producing actinomycete strains screened, Amycolatopsis mediterranei DSM 43304 was found to produce a thermostable, extracellular lipase. Culture conditions and nutrient source modification studies involving carbon sources, nitrogen sources, incubation temperature and medium pH were carried out. Lipase activity of 1.37 ± 0.103 IU/ml of(More)
Tissue bound primary amine oxidase (PrAO) and its circulating plasma-soluble form are involved, through their catalytic activity, in important cellular roles, including the adhesion of lymphocytes to endothelial cells during various inflammatory conditions, the regulation of cell growth and maturation, extracellular matrix deposition and maturation and(More)
A new large-scale purification method for benzoylformate decarboxylase from Pseudomonas putida has allowed us to undertake an X-ray crystallographic study of the enzyme. The previously observed instability of the enzyme was overcome by addition of 100 microM thiamine pyrophosphate to buffers used in the purification. The final enzyme preparation was more(More)
Novel mono-substituted carbohydrate fatty acid (CFA) esters and ethers were investigated for their antibacterial activity against a range of pathogenic and spoilage bacteria focussing on Listeria monocytogenes. Carbohydrate derivatives with structural differences enable comparative studies on the structure/activity relationship for antimicrobial efficacy(More)
AIMS This study investigates the antimicrobial activity and mode of action of novel carbohydrate fatty acid (CFA) derivatives against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus (MRSA). METHODS AND RESULTS Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and the effect of CFA derivatives on lag phase were determined using a broth microdilution(More)
Epidemiological and clinical studies provide compelling support for a causal relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and endothelial dysfunction, leading to vascular diseases. However, clear biochemical evidence for this association is limited. In the present study, we have conducted a comprehensive investigation of endothelial injury in bovine(More)
Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenases (CAD; 1.1.1.195) catalyse the reversible conversion of p-hydroxycinnamaldehydes to their corresponding alcohols, leading to the biosynthesis of lignin in plants. Outside of plants their role is less defined. The gene for cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase from Helicobacter pylori (HpCAD) was cloned in Escherichia coli and the(More)
The subcellular distributions of aldehyde dehydrogenase activities towards acetaldehyde have been determined in wedge-biopsy samples of human liver. A form with Km values of less than 1 microM and 285 microM towards acetaldehyde and NAD+ respectively was present in the mitochondrial fraction. This enzyme had no detectable activity towards(More)
The oxidation of aldehydes by horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase (HL-ADH) is more complex than previously recognized. At low enzyme concentrations and/or high aldehyde concentrations, a pronounced lag in the assay progress curve is observed when the reaction is monitored for NADH production at 340 nm. When the progress of the reaction is followed by 1H NMR(More)