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We present the first report of reciprocal chromosome painting between humans and a rodent. Gene mapping and sequencing data lead to the generalization that rodent genomes are highly rearranged. In contrast, our results show a surprising conservation of genome structure between humans and squirrels. The synteny of 12 human chromosomes was entirely conserved(More)
CGS 12066B is a novel pyrroloquinoxaline with selectivity for the serotonin-1B (5HT1B) recognition site as assessed by binding, biochemical and electrophysiological studies. The compound had an IC50 value of 51 nM at the 5HT1B recognition site as determined using the binding of [3H]5HT in the presence of 1 microM spiperone. At the 5HT1A receptor the(More)
Cancer-initiating translocations such as those associated with lymphomas require the formation of paired DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) produces widespread somatic mutation in mature B cells; however, the extent of "off-target" DSB formation and its role in translocation-associated malignancy is unknown. Here,(More)
1,3-Dihydro-1-[1-[(4-methyl-4H,6H-pyrrolo[1,2-a][4,1]- benzoxazepin-4-yl)methyl]-4-piperidinyl]-2H-benzimidazol-2-o ne (1:1) maleate was synthesized in six steps from methyl anthranilate and designated CGS 9343B. CGS 9343B inhibited calmodulin-stimulated cAMP phosphodiesterase activity with an IC50 value of 3.3 microM. CGS 9343B was 3.8 times more potent(More)
Black rats are of outstanding interest in parasitology and infective disease analysis. We used chromosome paints from both the mouse(Mus musculus) and the Norway rat(Rattus norvegicus) to characterize the genome of two Black rat subspecies from Italy. Both subspecies have two large metacentrics (n. 1, 4) not present in the Norway rat (2n = 42).Rattus rattus(More)
In thin sections of rat brain, [3H]spiperone binds to D2 sites in the basal ganglia (caudate-putamen, nucleus accumbens, olfactory tubercle) and S2 sites in the claustrum and motor cortex. The in vitro displacement of [3H]spiperone from these regions was quantified autoradiographically with the "atypical" neuroleptics clozapine and thioridazine, which(More)
CGS 15943A, a triazoloquinazoline, is a potent and selective adenosine receptor antagonist as assessed by its effects on radioligand binding and adenosine-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in guinea pig synaptoneurosomes. At the adenosine A-1 receptor labeled with [3H]cyclohexyladenosine, CGS 15943A had an IC50 value of 20 nM. At the striatal A-2(More)
In vivo growth of alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) was achieved using subcutaneous xenografts in sex-matched nonobese diabetic severe combined immunodeficiency mice. One tumor, currently at passage 6, has been maintained in vivo for 32 months and has maintained characteristics consistent with those of the original ASPS tumor including (1) tumor histology(More)
Polyploidy, the presence of more than two chromosome sets, is common in plants, but extremely rare in animals. The absence of polyploid organisms with well-differentiated sex chromosomes suggests that the disruption of the dosage between autosomes and sex chromosomes is incompatible with normal development. Thus, the announcement in 1999 of tetraploidy in a(More)
Molecular studies have led recently to the proposal of a new super-ordinal arrangement of the 18 extant Eutherian orders. From the four proposed super-orders, Afrotheria and Xenarthra were considered the most basal. Chromosome-painting studies with human probes in these two mammalian groups are thus key in the quest to establish the ancestral Eutherian(More)