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INTRODUCTION The complementary and alternative medicine practice of prescribing chelators to children with autism is based on the premise that the chronic symptoms of autism can be ameliorated by reducing heavy metal body burden. However, there has not been definitive evidence, published to date, to support the assertion that children with autism are at(More)
Several cytokines have been reported to have hepatoprotective properties in animal models of acetaminophen toxicity. To investigate the relationships of cytokines and toxicity in acetaminophen overdose, blood samples were collected from patients following acute ingestions of acetaminophen. Samples for cytokine analysis were collected at the time of routine(More)
Acetaminophen-protein adducts are biomarkers of acetaminophen toxicity present in the centrilobular region of the liver of laboratory animals following the administration of toxic doses of acetaminophen. These biomarkers are highly specific for acetaminophen-induced hepatic injury and correlate with hepatic transaminase elevation. The objective of this(More)
The Brown recluse spider has emerged into a potent venomous creature. Loxoscelism and necrotic arachnidism is not an infrequent medical problem. Spiders other than L. reclusa are capable of inflicting painful and persisting necrotic wounds, however, management of the local cutaneous lesions are similar. Systemic complications of loxoscelism appear to be(More)
The topical anesthetic TAC (tetracaine 0.5%, adrenaline 0.05%, cocaine 11.8%) has been reported to be effective in pain control for local procedures. However, it has the potential for cocaine toxicity by absorption through an open wound. A study was undertaken to assess the systemic absorption of cocaine and its metabolites when TAC is used as a local(More)
Caffeine is generally regarded as a safe drug, as evidenced by its wide availability in "over-the-counter" preparations and beverages. However, it is capable of producing a lethal outcome in cases of intoxication. The case of a two-year-old girl, who suffered major poisoning from caffeine, is presented. Her care, including the use of peritoneal dialysis, is(More)
For over two decades, pediatricians have been made aware of the potential risk associated with the acute ingestion of large single and/or multiple doses of acetaminophen (APAP). Clearly, APAP-induced hepatotoxicity remains as a recognized medical emergency which, when treated promptly with appropriate gastrointestinal decontamination and when indicated,(More)
Although the incidence of adverse reactions is relatively low in adults, Lomotil may result in serious toxicity in children. Early effects are often due to the atropine present in the compound, while the narcotic-like actions of diphenoxylate HCI tend to occur later. Respiratory depression is the most threatening reaction and should be treated with naloxone.