Gary S. Goldberg

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During the assembly of gap junctions, a hemichannel in the plasma membrane of one cell is thought to align and dock with another in an apposed membrane to form a cell-to-cell channel. We report here on the existence and properties of nonjunctional, plasma membrane connexin43 (Cx43) hemichannels. The opening of the hemichannels was demonstrated by the(More)
Gap junctions, composed of proteins from the connexin family, are the only channels that directly connect the cytoplasm of adjacent cells to allow for the intercellular transfer of small hydrophilic molecules. Gap junctional communication is essential for proper development and health in animals and humans. Whereas the study of biological molecules that(More)
Glycyrrhetinic acid exhibits many pharmacological activities, including the ability to block gap junctional communication. However, the mechanism of glycyrrhetinic action is not clear. Others have shown that glycyrrhetinic acid apparently binds to a single proteinatious binding site in the plasma membrane. We present evidence that while exposure to(More)
Gap junctions mediate the transfer of small cytoplasmic molecules between adjacent cells. A family of gap junction proteins exist that form channels with unique properties, and differ in their ability to mediate the transfer of specific molecules. Mutations in a number of individual gap junction proteins, called connexins, cause specific human diseases.(More)
We describe a simple method for evaluating gap junctional communication (GJC) between cells in culture. The procedure involves pre-loading cells with two fluorescent dyes: calcein and DiI. Calcein is able to pass through gap junctions, while DiI is not. These pre-loaded cells are then plated with unlabeled cells. The number of cells receiving calcein from(More)
Anchorage independence and motility are hallmarks of tumor cell growth. Tumor cell growth and morphology can be normalized by contact with nontransformed cells. The Src tyrosine kinase phosphorylates specific sites on the focal adhesion adaptor protein Crk-associated substrate (Cas) to promote nonanchored cell growth and migration. We studied the effects of(More)
Cas is a member of the focal adhesion complex. Phosphorylation of Cas by Src is an important event leading to cell transformation. Using mass spectrometry, we have mapped 11 sites in Cas that are phosphorylated by Src. These sites are all located between residues 132 and 414 of Cas, in a region that is required for binding to a number of other proteins(More)
Gap junctions are unique intercellular channels that connect the cytoplasm of adjacent cells. They are the only channels that mediate the direct cytoplasmic exchange of small hydrophilic molecules between cells--a process called gap junctional communication. Formed by a family of integral membrane proteins called connexins, gap junctions are dynamic(More)
Although gap junction channels are still widely viewed as large, non-specific pores connecting cells, the diversity in the connexin family has led more attention to be focused on their permeability characteristics. We summarize here the current status of these investigations, both published and on-going, that reveal both charge and size selectivity between(More)
ap junctions, the only channels that allow direct exchange of small metabolites between cells, are composed of a family of integral membrane proteins, called connexins in vertebrates. Different connexins have been implicated in a diverse array of biological processes and diseases, indicating that gap-junction properties may vary with connexin composition.(More)