Gary S. D. Ayton

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Coarse-grained (CG) models provide a computationally efficient method for rapidly investigating the long time- and length-scale processes that play a critical role in many important biological and soft matter processes. Recently, Izvekov and Voth introduced a new multiscale coarse-graining (MS-CG) method [J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 2469 (2005); J. Chem. Phys.(More)
OBJECTIVE The impact of mild head injury or mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is variable, and determinants of outcome remain poorly understood. There have been no previous attempts to evaluate the impact of interventions to improve outcome. Results of previous intervention studies in adults have been mixed. This study aimed to evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate outcome in children with mild traumatic head injury (THI) at 1 week and 3 months postinjury and to identify factors associated with persisting problems. DESIGN Postconcussional symptomatology, behavior ratings, and neuropsychological test performance were examined at 1 week and 3 months postinjury. SETTING Participants were(More)
Liposome remodeling processes (e.g., vesiculation and tubulation) due to N-BAR domain interactions with the lipid bilayer are explored with a multi-scale simulation approach. Results from atomistic-level molecular dynamics simulations of membrane binding to the concave face of N-BAR domains are used along with discretized mesoscopic field-theoretic(More)
Considerable progress has been recently achieved in the multiscale modeling of complex biological processes. Multiscale models have now investigated the structure and dynamics of lipid membranes, proteins, peptides and DNA over length and time scales ranging from the atomic to the macroscopic. Serial multiscale methods that parameterize low-resolution(More)
Multiscale computer simulations, employing a combination of experimental data and coarse-graining methods, are used to explore the structure of the immature HIV-1 virion. A coarse-grained (CG) representation is developed for the virion membrane shell and Gag polypeptides using molecular level information. Building on the results from electron cryotomography(More)
A lipid bilayer is modeled using a mesoscopic model designed to bridge atomistic bilayer simulations with macro-scale continuum-level simulation. Key material properties obtained from detailed atomistic-level simulations are used to parameterize the meso-scale model. The fundamental length and time scale of the meso-scale simulation are at least an order of(More)
A particle-based hybrid method of elastic network model and smooth-particle hydrodynamics has been employed to describe the propulsion of bacterial flagella in a viscous hydrodynamic environment. The method explicitly models the two aspects of bacterial propulsion that involve flagellar flexibility and long-range hydrodynamic interaction of(More)
The lateral diffusion in bilayers is modeled with a multiscale mesoscopic simulation. The methodology consists of two simulations, where the first employs atomistic models to obtain exact results for the mesoscopic model. The second simulation takes the results obtained from the first to parameterize an effective force field that is employed in a new(More)
Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) computer simulations are used to calculated the bulk modulus for a dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer. A methodology is developed whereby NEMD can be effectively used to calculate material properties for complex systems that undergo long time-scale conformational changes. It is found that the bulk modulus upon(More)