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Apoptosis is implicated in the generation and resolution of inflammation in response to bacterial pathogens. All bacterial pathogens produce lipoproteins (BLPs), which trigger the innate immune response. BLPs were found to induce apoptosis in THP-1 monocytic cells through human Toll-like receptor-2 (hTLR2). BLPs also initiated apoptosis in an epithelial(More)
Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Little is known about how this virus is able to persist or whether this persistence might be because of its ability to alter the early innate immune response. The major HCV envelope protein E2 has been shown to bind to CD81. Thus, HCV binding to natural killer (NK)(More)
IL-10 plays an important role in preventing excessive inflammation to the normal flora in the intestinal lumen. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of normal flora on inflammation in mice in which the IL-10 gene was disrupted. IL-10 knock-out mice housed in germfree conditions remained healthy while those housed in conventional conditions(More)
The mechanism of cholera toxin (CT)-stimulated arachidonate metabolism was evaluated. CT caused rapid in vitro synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in murine smooth muscle-like cells (BC3H1), reaching maximal levels within 3 to 4 min. In comparison, cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels were unchanged, and addition of dibutyryl cAMP did not affect PGE2 synthesis.(More)
Septic shock due to Salmonella and other gram-negative enteric pathogens is a leading cause of death worldwide. The role of lipopolysaccharide in sepsis is well studied; however, the contribution of other bacterial outer membrane components, such as Braun (murein) lipoprotein (Lpp), is not well defined. The genome of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium(More)
Previous reports have shown that endogenous opiates (beta-endorphin and met-enkephalin) have effects on cells of the immune system at physiologic concentrations. Using murine spleen cells, we herein report that beta-endorphin and met-enkephalin can enhance the generation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) at suboptimal concentrations of alloantigen in a(More)
Yersinia pestis evolved from Y. pseudotuberculosis to become the causative agent of bubonic and pneumonic plague. We identified a homolog of the Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium lipoprotein (lpp) gene in Yersinia species and prepared lpp gene deletion mutants of Y. pseudotuberculosis YPIII, Y. pestis KIM/D27 (pigmentation locus minus), and Y. pestis(More)
  • A M Soler-Rodriguez, H Zhang, +5 authors G R Klimpel
  • 2000
Neutrophil activation plays an important role in the inflammatory response to Gram-negative bacterial infections. LPS has been shown to be a major mediator of neutrophil activation which is accompanied by an early down-regulation of L-selectin and up-regulation of CD1lb/CD18. In this study, we investigated whether lipoprotein (LP), the most abundant protein(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Braun (murein) lipoprotein (Lpp) are major components of the outer membrane of gram-negative enteric bacteria that function as potent stimulators of inflammatory and immune responses. In a previous paper, we provided evidence that two functional copies of the lipoprotein gene (lppA and lppB) located on the chromosome of(More)