Gary R. Klimpel

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Apoptosis is implicated in the generation and resolution of inflammation in response to bacterial pathogens. All bacterial pathogens produce lipoproteins (BLPs), which trigger the innate immune response. BLPs were found to induce apoptosis in THP-1 monocytic cells through human Toll-like receptor-2 (hTLR2). BLPs also initiated apoptosis in an epithelial(More)
The interferons (IFN) are one of the body's natural defensive responses to such foreign components as microbes, tumors, and antigens. The IFN response begins with the production of the IFN proteins (alpha, beta, and gamma), which then induce the antiviral, antimicrobial, antitumor, and immunomodulatory actions of IFN. Recent advances have led to Food and(More)
Septic shock is a major cause of death in the world. Although much is known about the role of LPS in septic shock, little is known about the role of other bacterial components. Lipoprotein (LP) is a major component of bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae. LP purified from Escherichia coli was shown to induce TNF-alpha and IL-6 production in peritoneal(More)
Francisella tularensis is one of the most infectious human pathogens known. Although much has been learned about the immune response of mice using an attenuated live vaccine strain (LVS) derived from F. tularensis subspecies holarctica (Type B), little is known about the responses of human monocyte-derived immature dendritic cells (DC). Here, we show that(More)
Pneumonia is a serious problem worldwide. We recently demonstrated that innate defense mechanisms of the lung are highly inducible against pneumococcal pneumonia. To determine the breadth of protection conferred by stimulation of lung mucosal innate immunity, and to identify cells and signaling pathways activated by this treatment, mice were treated with an(More)
Peripheral blood mononuclear lymphocytes (PBL) from thermal injury patients were examined for their ability to mediate natural killer (NK) cell activity against K562 tumour cells and against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infected Raji tumour cells. Using fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated monoclonal antibodies, the number of T3, T4, T8, Leu11, and(More)
The ability to protect mice against respiratory infections with virulent Francisella tularensis has been problematic and the role of antibody-versus-cell-mediated immunity controversial. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that protective immunity can develop in mice that were given antibiotic therapy following infection via the respiratory tract with(More)
Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Little is known about how this virus is able to persist or whether this persistence might be because of its ability to alter the early innate immune response. The major HCV envelope protein E2 has been shown to bind to CD81. Thus, HCV binding to natural killer (NK)(More)
The appearance of chronic intestinal inflammation in IL-10 knockout mice suggests IL-10 may inhibit adverse responses to luminal antigen. Moreover, this inflammation is associated with an increase in class II MHC molecule expression on intestinal epithelial cells. Thus, the role of IL-10 regulation in epithelial cell function was investigated. Using RT-PCR,(More)
alpha-Thrombin is a multifunctional serine protease that has an important role in the coagulation cascade, wound healing, and inflammatory response. In this study, we show that thrombin induces IL-6 production in human epithelial cells and fibroblasts. ELISA and Northern blot analyses showed that physiologic concentrations of thrombin (0.1-1 micrograms/ml)(More)