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Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PNV) is a common disorder at the forefront of ambulatory care issues. New antiemetic drugs and improved anesthetic techniques have decreased the incidence of anesthesia-induced PNV. Patient characteristics and surgical factors are now largely responsible for postoperative emesis. Clinicians need to understand these factors(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The advantages of albumin over less costly alternative fluids continue to be debated. Meta-analyses focusing on survival have been inconclusive, and other clinically relevant end-points have not been systematically addressed. We sought to determine whether albumin confers significant clinical benefit in acute illness compared with(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of hydroxyethyl starch on bleeding after cardiopulmonary bypass were determined. METHODS A meta-analysis was performed of postoperative blood loss in randomized clinical trials of hydroxyethyl starch versus albumin for fluid management in adult cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Impacts of hydroxyethyl starch molecular weight and molar(More)
BACKGROUND CARCS (computer-assisted resident candidate selection) is a database application developed in 1983 at the Department of Anesthesiology of the Medical University of South Carolina to deal with the greatly increased quantity of applicant information. This article relates a representative sample of CARCS data to the process of selecting residents in(More)
Although electronic medical records and a central database have made accurate and consistent patient medical information more readily available than with the traditional patient chart, there are many locations in healthcare facilities where terminals for accessing patient data are not available. As patient care becomes decentralized and more patients(More)
In a meta-analysis of cardiac surgery trials, we showed that hydroxyethyl starch increases postoperative blood loss, blood product transfusion and reoperation for bleeding [1]. Citing that meta-analysis, the US Food and Drug Administration determined excess bleeding to be a class effect of hydroxyethyl starch solutions and issued a safety warning [2]. Jacob(More)