Gary R. Frank

Learn More
We propose and characterize oil-in-gelatin dispersions that approximate the dispersive dielectric properties of a variety of human soft tissues over the microwave frequency range from 500 MHz to 20 GHz. Different tissues are mimicked by selection of an appropriate concentration of oil. The materials possess long-term stability and can be employed in(More)
Previous reported data from our laboratory demonstrated the temperature dependence of propagation speed and attenuation of canine tissue in vitro at discrete temperatures ranging from 25 to 95 degrees C. However, concerns were raised regarding heating the same tissue specimen over the entire temperature range, a process that may introduce irreversible and,(More)
Two equivalent anthropomorphic breast phantoms were constructed, one for use in ultrasound elastography and the other in magnetic resonance (MR) elastography. A complete description of the manufacturing methods is provided. The materials used were oil-in-gelatin dispersions, where the volume percent oil differentiates the materials, primarily according to(More)
Two phantoms have been constructed for assessing performance of high-frequency ultrasound imagers. They also allow for periodic quality assurance tests and training technicians in the use of higher-frequency scanners. The phantoms contain eight blocks of tissue-mimicking material; each block contains a spatially random distribution of suitably small(More)
A new variety of tissue-mimicking materials for use in 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) phantoms has been developed and extensively tested, principally at 10 MHz and at room temperature. The materials can be formed with a broad range of T1's and T2's representative of soft tissues. They are mixtures of various percentages of agar, animal hide gelatin,(More)
Tissue-mimicking phantoms and an automated system have been developed for testing the resolution performance of ultrasound scanners by determining detectability of low to higher contrast spherical lesions over the entire depth of field. Axial, lateral and elevational resolutions are accounted for simultaneously and equally. Tissue-mimicking spherical(More)
OBJECTIVE Elastography is a promising tool for visualizing the zone of necrosis in liver tissue resulting from radiofrequency tumor ablation. Because heat-ablated tissues are stiffer than normal untreated tissue, elastography may prove useful for following up patients who undergo radiofrequency ablative therapy. We sought to report the initial evaluations(More)
Radiofrequency (RF) ablation is an interstitial focal ablative therapy that can be used in a percutaneous fashion and permits in situ destruction of hepatic tumors. However, local tumor recurrence rates after RF ablative therapy are as high as 34% to 55%, which may be due in part to the inability to monitor accurately temperature profiles in the tissue(More)
A form of tissue-mimicking material is reported in which oil droplets are dispersed in a water-based gelatin. Broad ranges of ultrasonic parameters, including speed of sound, attenuation coefficient, density and backscatter level, exist for this material. Very important, the attenuation coefficients are nearly proportional to the frequency as in the case of(More)
An accurate means of determining and correcting for daily patient setup errors is important to the cancer outcome in radiotherapy. While many tools have been developed to detect setup errors, difficulty may arise in accurately adjusting the patient to account for the rotational error components. A novel, automated method to correct for rotational patient(More)