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The emergence and increasing prevalence of bacterial strains that are resistant to available antibiotics demand the discovery of new therapeutic approaches. Targeting bacterial virulence is an alternative approach to antimicrobial therapy that offers promising opportunities to inhibit pathogenesis and its consequences without placing immediate life-or-death(More)
High-throughput methods were applied to the production, analysis, and characterization of libraries of natural products in order to accelerate the drug discovery process for high-throughput screening in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Library production integrates automated flash chromatography, solid-phase extraction, filtration, and(More)
After 13,000 samples of compounds purified from plants were screened, a new biofilm inhibitor, ursolic acid, has been discovered and identified. Using both 96-well microtiter plates and a continuous flow chamber with COMSTAT analysis, 10 microg of ursolic acid/ml inhibited Escherichia coli biofilm formation 6- to 20-fold when added upon inoculation and when(More)
Asiatic acid and corosolic acid are two natural products identified as biofilm inhibitors in a biofilm inhibition assay. We evaluated the activities of these two compounds on Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms grown in rotating disk reactors (RDRs) in combination with tobramycin and ciprofloxacin. To determine the ruggedness of our systems, the antibiotic(More)
High-throughput natural products chemistry methods have facilitated the isolation of eight new (1-8) and two known (9 and 10) beilschmiedic acid derivatives from the leaves of a Gabonese species of Beilschmiedia. Compounds 3-10 were isolated in microgram quantities, and the NMR data for structure elucidation and dereplication were acquired utilizing a(More)
The first study of the chemical constituents of Combretum inflatum has resulted in the isolation of seven new acetylated dammarane-type bisdesmosides (1-7). Their structures were determined from microgram quantities on hand using Bruker BioSpin TCI 1.7 mm MicroCryoProbe technology, ESIMS, and comparison to data found in the literature. Compounds 1-7 were(More)
High-throughput natural product research produced a suite of anticancer hits among several species of the Orchidaceae family (Oncidium microchilum, O. isthmi, and Myrmecophila humboldtii). A commercial Oncidium sp. was also examined as a convenient source of additional material. Isolation and structure elucidation led to the identification of fifteen(More)
One new (1) and four known (2-5) ursene triterpenes with potent inhibition of the formation of the bacterial biofilm Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01 were obtained from Diospyros dendo using a high-throughput natural products chemistry procedure. These compounds were isolated as mass-limited samples. The miniaturization of the structure elucidation and(More)
Seven stilbenes and one alkylresorcinol were isolated from the orchid Phragmipedium calurum during a screen for anticancer compounds. They were evaluated for antiproliferative activity against multiple human cancer cell lines, and two displayed moderate activity against several cell lines.
Six chromene stilbenoids and one chromane stilbenoid were isolated from the African tree Hymenocardia acida. Several were moderately active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clinical isolate MRSA-108, including hymenocardichromanic acid, which was active at 8 μg/ml. None had IC50 values <20 μM in antiproliferation assays against several(More)